Read Ulysses Annotated by Don Gifford Robert J. Seidman Online

ulysses-annotated

Here substantially revised and expanded, Don Gifford's annotations to Joyce's great modern classic comprise a specialized encyclopedia that will inform any reading of Ulysses. Annotations in this edition are keyed both to the reading text of the new critical edition of Ulysses published in 1984 and to the standard 1961 Random House edition and the current Modern Library anHere substantially revised and expanded, Don Gifford's annotations to Joyce's great modern classic comprise a specialized encyclopedia that will inform any reading of Ulysses. Annotations in this edition are keyed both to the reading text of the new critical edition of Ulysses published in 1984 and to the standard 1961 Random House edition and the current Modern Library and Vintage texts.Gifford has incorporated over 1,000 additions and corrections to the first edition. The introduction and headnotes to sections provide general geographical, biographical and historical background. The annotations gloss place names, define slang terms, give capsule histories of institutions and political and cultural movements and figures, supply bits of local and Irish legend and lore, explain religious nomenclature and practices, trace literary allusions and references to other cultures.The suggestive potential of minor details was enormously fascinating to Joyce, and the precision of his use of detail is a most important aspect of his literary method. The annotations in this volume illuminate details which are not in the public realm for most of us....

Title : Ulysses Annotated
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ISBN : 9780520067455
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 698 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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Ulysses Annotated Reviews

  • Kris
    2019-01-18 18:28

    I've just finished my first read of Ulysses, and it was a transcendent experience. I took two months, took my time, looked forward to my weekly (sometimes biweekly) visits in Joyce's Dublin.I am not yet ready to write a review of Ulysses - I want to let the experience wash over me a bit longer before I try to capture it in words. But I do want to say a few words about the reference texts I used: Ulysses Annotated and The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses (which I will discuss in a separate review).Gifford's Ulysses Annotated is a breathtakingly comprehensive, encyclopedic approach to referencing Ulysses, often word by word and line by line. Gifford covers historical, mythological, and religious references and context; discusses cultural movements in Ireland; provides definitions for slang and lyrics from popular songs; and even combs through directories, maps, and other archival records to explain when Joyce was drawing directly from actual people, places, and events in Dublin. As a historian, I loved having access to this volume as I was reading Ulysses. It helped me to resurrect my knowledge of Irish history. I had fun brushing up on early-20th-century Irish slang (you never know when it could come in handy). And I even had an (unanticipated) opportunity to learn more about Theosophism. That being said, I was wary of having Gifford's exhaustive research displace my attention from Joyce's incandescent, humorous, exuberant use of language. To avoid this, I did not read the annotations side by side Ulysses's text. Instead, I would read an episode of Ulysses, sometimes re-read it, and then page through the relevant annotations for that episode. The process was reminiscent of reading encyclopedias, or paging happily through the OED. (I know, very geeky....)So, if you are a first-time reader, I don't think you should feel it necessary to read Gifford too. You will understand and appreciate Ulysses more on your own terms, with some guidance from The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses. If you need to understand the significance of every word you read, try to let go of that when you read Ulysses, and let the language wash over you.If you are about to re-read Ulysses, or if you share my love of historical references and context, then I recommend Gifford very highly - just don't let your perusal of it direct your attention away from what is really important - Joyce's writing itself.

  • Paul Bryant
    2019-02-05 00:47

    This book is bulkier than Ulysses itself and I didn't like it one bit. I think the authors knew I wouldn't. In their preface they sayThe notes may appear to labor an abundance of the obvious in order to render a few grains of the subtle and suggestiveAndThis book is designed to be laid open beside the novel and to be read in tandem with it. Tandem reading, however, has its disadvantages.I'll say. Especially when the front rider on the tandem is pedalling manically into the dangerous transcendent extreme edge of language itself and the back rider is steering towardsa bricabrac shop he just spotted.They suggest a plan : an "interrupted" reading of a chapter (i.e. checking every annotation) followed by an uninterrupted reading. Or even better :Skim a sequence of notes, then read the annotated sequence in the novel with interruptions for consideration of those notes that seem crucial, then follow with an uninterrupted reading.Yes, I think that's the best way. If you have no family, no pets and a private income. The annotators are crushingly aware that they are actually wrecking a major part of JJ's work, which was to show the significance of the trivial (Bloom finally meets Stephen, but they part and don't become friends, that's it, no big drama folks, nothing to see). But by hammering every triviality with a big note this book changes the trivial into the significant by the very act of annotation. But still, it's a useful book since it tries to explain everything in Ulysses which is no longer common knowledge.And what is this thing called common knowledge now, anyway? I was speaking with an elderly female relative the other day (no names please) and in the conversation it became clear that she'd never in her long life heard of the idea that there might have been a conspiracy to kill President Kennedy. Meanwhile I work in an office with a bunch of kids just out of university and I'd bet a crisp tenner that half of them wouldn't know who JFK was. So that means that almost everything in Ulysses isn't common knowledge anymore.But my main objection to this probably inevitable and essential book, why I don't like it at all, is that it gives you, the reader of Ulysses (at least I hope you are) the idea that you ought to understand every bit of Ulysses, every damned reference to bits of Italian opera and Irish slang and Fenian history and the Latin mass and how much a Dublin hooker paid in rent and so on and so forth and really – big breath – you don't need to, you just don't, at all. JJ shoves all that glorious detail in as the woof and weft and particoloured pantaloons of his gartersnappingly real picture of dear dirty Dublin, so, you know, just breathe it all in, and as in your own real life, accept that there are about a thousand bits and bobs of conversations and half heard remarks and things that go by too quick on the tv and all of the onrush of frantic netsplurge and soundblurt of the day-to-day day which you won't quite get. And that's how it is.But this book thinks you can get everything. It's just wrong.

  • Manny
    2019-01-18 17:21

    Another mysterious message from Goodreads:Based on your Mentions Twilight shelf, a few recommendations:... and this is #3.Very subtle, Goodreads! Twilight fans, take note!

  • Todd
    2019-02-03 18:20

    anyone who says they understood ulysses without using this book is lying. kick them in the balls for me.

  • Jessica
    2019-01-21 23:20

    I remember so much more of Ulysses Annotated than I do of Ulysses that it's actually ridiculous (not that this is saying much, since I have a serious case of book amnesia when it comes to Ulysses, possibly because I was distracted the whole time by the annotations). For example: "French letter" was Irish slang at the time for condoms. "Pole-ax" is some kind of important verb that comes from Hamlet. I think. A "pard" -- contrary to my then-dictionary's definition, which had it as an abbreviated form of leopard -- is a mythical, fabulously colored animal of medieval lore, further details of which escape me but which had some delightful characteristics that fascinated me as a young woman. Um, yeah.... Okay, maybe I don't remember this stuff as well as I thought. But still: pretty much everything I ever knew about Parnell, Oliver Cromwell, the Strait of Gibraltar, and the Catholic Church was thanks to this book; everything I ever learned for a reasonable price about Classicism also came from this book. I really enjoyed it. Maybe it's not so essential anymore, now that we've got Wikipedia, but in those old-timey days it really was necessary. You can probably get a Ulysses Annotated application for your iphone by now. This book is likely obsolete in the form that I knew it, which is maybe good because as noted on here by other reviewers, flipping back and forth between these two big motherfuckers did get pretty annoying.Anyway, I haven't read this in a long time, but I still do recommend it. I don't think I've ever read any other annotations, so I guess I can't responsibly compare it to anything else. This is one of the few books I borrowed and then bought for myself later on, because I just wanted to own it forever, just in case. I'm not a huge book buyer, so that's significant praise.Oh, and please don't feel like you could only enjoy this book if you happen to be reading Ulysses. I'm sure there is something here for everyone, so don't let that deter you. You can leave it in the bathroom or car, to flip through at dull moments! Good source for trivia questions, and makes you look literate.

  • Lada Fleur
    2019-02-10 23:43

    Superb. I am really enthused by the edition the more so as i have already reviewed Ulysses and am currently in the process ocalling it a day to the Dobliners. It is a perfect mixture of reading Ulyyes and Dobliners, this marvellousquest through the town among people who have been there with you...It reveals as a kind of new quite inconceivable experience to go through one trajectory traced over as a must to...ddo and in the act very sameness have an efffect of doing something extraordinary...something out of the world. For Leopold this day was more than a day...it did not fritter away neeedlessly. Because He was in the right mood...every event of that journey exercised some sort of toll on his mind.For he did help Stephen and Stephen helped also see things fatefully He saw everything ironically in a sort of proxism string of the journey . Just like Molly his wife saw in her feminine kind of way. Love in the Western way. Life in the Western way . It was a Grail -like journey back to repose. Family refuge, And Dubliners are somthing else. Quiet but still profoundly disturning like a soul illuminating the darkness. The great Ulysses. There will ne be a finished say over it. That is what makes it so perfect. Debatable. A day is worth a whole life well spent

  • Matt
    2019-02-04 20:48

    Excellent guide to Mister Joyce's big book of the daytime...Only quarrel is the page references are for an edition that isn't mine own, my beloved Vintage version, but ah whatever. It's not hard to look stuff up when you need to. It's a Rosetta Stone, skeleton key, church key, Key to All Mythologies, Concordance, Atlas, Microscope, Unmoved Mover, Getaway Driver and textual spaceship. By having it around, it enhances your reading experience of Ulysses and, by extension, your experience of reading.

  • Eric
    2019-02-02 21:29

    The amount of information is just at the border of overwhelming.

  • David
    2019-01-27 20:28

    2016 I started "Penelope" today on my second tour through Ulysses, so I thought I would add my newest thoughts on Gifford's annotations. After better equipping myself for the reread, I only found more supplemental reading I have yet to take in. The largest portion of that is more Shakespeare. A growing concern, but not an immediate one, of mine is my dependence on Gifford. At some point, I will have to cut the cord and go it alone, and I wonder at how I'll fare without such a valuable and trusty guide. I seemed to lean on it just as heavily as I did that first time through. I feel this is just a testament to the dedication of this great Ulysses scholar. How can one not wish to benefit from a work which could be compiled only by someone who is that passionate about this novel? 2015 I'm still making my way through the final two episodes of Ulysses, but I've seen enough to determine this book of annotations is easily a 5-star. The preface advises that this reference is to be kept open and to be read alongside the novel. That might sound like a bit much, but one finds out quickly that this is an indispensable companion...unless of course, you are one of those rare birds who is well versed in your Odyssey, Dante, Shakespeare, early 1900's Irish slang and popular music, Catholic traditions and rites, Thomas Aquinas, early church fathers and saints, Yeats, Dublin geography, Irish independence movement, and....you get the point, right? Gifford's obviously tireless work and dedication is organized and laid out clearly for all who want to take the plunge into Ulysses.

  • Laura Wetsel
    2019-01-17 17:41

    Necessary companion to Ulysses, which is as big as Ulysses. You won't understand Ulysses without it.

  • J.
    2019-01-29 22:25

    Very usable, an encyclopedic approach to the arcana of Ulysses. An important facet of this volume is that it is not a summary, nor is it a condensation or analysis of what happens in the novel. If you want something that explains, "here Bloom's question reveals more than he is saying and indicates ..." then you want another book. This book is all about translating the Latin, the Greek, the Dublinisms, the limericks, the popular song and riddle--- and the millions of strange little phrases and words with which Joyce loves to baffle the reader. Only two quibbles here. The first, minor quibble is that not all the questions prompted by the miscellanea of the text are answered here. That might require a book twice as thick, but it's surely not impossible.The second, and overwhelmingly Major Quibble-- this should really be fixed -- is the reluctance of Gifford's volume to ever repeat itself, even in brief, even for clarity's sake, even for the convenience of the user. When something peculiar is mentioned once, even briefly, Mr. Gifford's dutiful fact checkers note, transcribe, post and define that something, along with its peculiarities, right away. After which, each and every mention thereof is re-directed backwards in this fat volume to that first mention with a very annoying "See pp.21-22" or "See Also pp.22-23" or "Cf pp.23-24". So perhaps Mr Gifford can picture the reader, utilizing his Annotated guide, coming across a reference to, say, "red tape", late in the book. Perhaps being some tens of thousands of words away from its first occurrence, he will be forgiven for forgetting the meaning, and permitted to check the guide. So he saves his place in Ulysses, puts aside that volume and picks up the Annotated guide. After finding his current position correlated by Mr Gifford, he is relieved to find that the expression is indeed noted at that mark. But he will find that if what he wants-- and he does-- is to find out what meaning "red tape" may have, he is to be re-directed by the helpful Mr Gifford by the entry that reads "Red Tape, see pp.21-22". At which point he can reverse backwards into the early part of the guide and find the very first appearance of that term.Once he is reminded of the meaning of the term, he may put down the Annotated and go back to where he left his bookmark in Ulysses. I would suggest that the novel itself is enough labyrinthine red tape to be navigating, and that a brief re-statement of terms, a reminder at the point where it occurs in the current chapter --would best serve the reader engaged in this endeavor. Beyond that little glitch, a usefully comprehensive guide {see also: paragraph 1, sentence 1, above}.

  • Heather
    2019-01-23 23:35

    This book is wonderful, and I don't think I could make it through Ulysses without it. The (admittedly unfair) reason I give it only three stars is because of my dislike for having to read two heavy, bulky books at once. I loved the introduction to the annotations with the thoughtful suggestions on how to manage the task of simultaneous reading and the concise, engaging summary of events in Irish history that surround the day Ulysses takes place. I had never read a thing before about anti-semitism in Ireland and appreciated the valuable glimpse into its origins, as well as the key players in the struggle for Home Rule.

  • hypothermya
    2019-02-13 16:39

    This supplementary book of annotation and background info is indispensable if you are giving Ulysses a go. Keep in mind that the annotations themselves are somewhat intimidating -- averaging a page of notes per page of Joyce's writing. Including the background and plan for each section (for example, Joyce has a character from the Odyssey, a set of colors, an organ, a theme, a time of day, etc. for each of his sections, and this is included before each section of notes), this book is actually larger than Ulysses itself. However, it enriches the text tenfold and is well worth investing in.

  • Geoff
    2019-01-20 20:29

    Essential to anyone who cares about this book. Ulysses has been creeping back into my life in weird ways recently. Perhaps an epic rereading in the near future??

  • Will
    2019-02-09 21:36

    This book provides amazing support for the reader (esp. first time reader) of Ulysses. I don't think I'd recommend this as a SOLE guide for a reader, but instead paired with The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses you will have both the macro level guide you need combined with this, the micro guide to each and EVERY reference. Very highly recommended.

  • Connie
    2019-02-14 23:32

    If you're going to read Joyce's Ulysses, then ignore all those who will ask you why. It's funny, beautiful, desperate, and well worth the effort - but not without this guide. This encyclopedic volume takes you line by line through every allusion, symbol, and reference in Joyce's book and really will heighten your experience of Ulysses. This Herculean work must have taken years and years of research, but thank God for it!

  • Roland
    2019-02-16 21:21

    This book was a shock to me. It's not just a book of annotations, it's also a history of Ireland, literature, language, and damn near everything else Joyce decided to allude to in his masterpiece. I never would have guessed that just reading the annotations (without the source text) would make good reading, but that is certainly the case here. You do not by any means need this book to enjoy Ulysses, but it does give remarkable insight into the mind behind it.

  • Thomas
    2019-02-02 16:29

    Indispensable for a close reading of Ulysses; a hindrance for its enjoyment. It is a trustworthy and useful reference, but don't make it your constant companion.

  • Allison Zink-McCormack
    2019-01-30 22:39

    An extremely used collection of symbols, references, and allusions that provide context for scenes and characters in James Joyce's Ulysses--highly recommended!

  • Mishek
    2019-02-08 00:45

    Doubting the breadth and scope of Ulysses? Peruse this to get your head spinning.

  • محمود راضي
    2019-01-23 18:36

    لمن يبتغي المزيد من الشروحات المفصلة حول رواية (عوليس) مع الوقوف عند الكلمات والعبارات مع كل خطوة داخل النص، سيجد هنا ضالته المنشودة.

  • James C
    2019-01-24 00:29

    Joyce was 40 yrs old when Ulysses was published, it is a day in the life of a husband and father of Joyce's age (at publication). Joyce loved Dublin and Ireland and though the book was written on the European continent - he wanted to memorialize his birth home (Ireland). The framework of Ulysses is Homer's Odyssey - The Roman Ulysses: 1 Telemachus, 2 Nestor, 3 Proteus, 4 Calypso, 5 Lotus Eaters, 6 Hades, 7 Aeolus, 8 Lestrygonians, 9 Scylla And Charybdis, 10 Wandering Rocks, 11 Sirens, 12 Cyclops, 13 Nausicca, 14 Oxen Of The Sun, 15 Circe, 16 Eumaeus, 17 Ithaca, and 18 Penelope.Ulysses is the tale of a Modern-day Odysseus, Leopold Bloom in his personal existential/sexual quest. The conclusion of this quest is the quintessential affirmation of humanity, the fundamental family unit - the father, mother, son, and daughter. Like Odysseus, absent from Penelope, traveling the world, for many long years, Leopold Bloom is also absent from his Penelope (in Dublin). Like a traveler (Odysseus), Bloom is sexually absent (abstinent) from Molly “10 years, 5 months and 18 days” (736). Unlike Odysseus, the obstacles Bloom faces are psychological (modern) - internal travails instead of Odysseus' external travails. Bloom's only son’s death has become a psychological barrier; as Molly reflects: “we were never the same since” (778). Yet Bloom is optimistic throughout the work - in regard to the possibility of another child, again Molly: ”Ill give him one more chance” (780). Affirmatively (as we grow to know Molly) we find she has given and is willing to continue to give Bloom “one more chance”. Through the course of the (Dublin) day, Bloom experiences “deep frustration, humiliation, fear, punishment and catharsis” (Herring, p.74). Bloom needs to lead himself back, out of self-deception, fantasy, and frustration to Molly’s (and his marriage) bed.Bloom’s travails come in the Circe chapter and it is imperative (for Joyce) that as readers, we recognize Joyce’s change from Homer's Odyssey - this is Joyce's major rework, deviating from his Greek predecessor. For Odysseus: insight, understanding, enlightenment, and all importantly direction come to Odysseus in his journey to the (ancient Greek) Underworld. For Bloom, the Hades chapter or “the other world” represents an “emptiness of mind”; Joyce was a man grounded (and devoted) to the present world of man's consciousness and unconsciousness. In Ulysses enlightenment comes in the Circe chapter: described though the Joycean technique of hallucination or the discoveries of the "unconscious mind”. Joyce's Circe chapter (a surrealistic one-act Ibsen-like play) is where Bloom finds self-possession - (Joyce makes) Bloom encounter his own psycho-sexual existential questions, rather than finding life's answers in the dead ghosts of his life (the ancient Greek Hades chapter of the dead past).In the Circe chapter, Bloom confronts and overcomes every major obstacle in his existential/sexual quest: the Molly he serves in Calypso reappears as Bello the whoremistress, Molly’s letter from Boylan and his from Martha are reworked into a series of seductive letters ending in a trial, his sexual infidelities beginning with Lotty Clarke and ending with Gerty McDowell are relived (importantly balanced by Molly’s infidelities) and reconciled, and lastly, Bloom triumphs over whore, Virgin-Goddess, and most importantly himself. Joyce equanimously gives both Molly and Bloom extramarital sexual infidelities - infidelities known by each of the other (as early as the Calypso chapter) Bloom was conscious of what was to come. Of course there will be resolution in marriage, for Molly only needs to feel that Bloom is willing. As we read, Bloom has undergone the travails of his own mind and has emerged Victorious. He has succeeded in his psycho-sexual existential quest. He has arrived at Molly’s bed. Self-possessed. Victorious. Eager.Molly "I saw he understood or felt what a woman is and I knew I could always get round him...then he asked me would I yes to say yes my mountain flower and first I put my arms around him yes and drew him down in to me so he could feel my breasts all perfume yes and his heart was going like mad and yes I said yes I will Yes. (END)".After publishing Ulysses, Joyce began FINNEGANS WAKE (FW) - Joyce largely stepped out of one work into his next (and last work). The change Joyce made in FW was instead of using Homer's Ulysses as a framework - FW's framework is Giambattista Vico's "La Scienza Nuova's" 4 cyclic stages of history.Joyce realized that he ended Ulysses wrongly (not in accordance with the Universe) in Molly's bed - Joyce corrects his mistake in FINNEGANS WAKE by incorporating Vico's revelation of restart / recirculation. "HCE day" similar to Bloomsday (roughly 24 hrs): Chronologically FW starts with memories in "book I:3" of HCE arrested in front of his tavern/home, like Bloom unable to enter his front door (but HCE does not enter his home through the back door) - instead HCE is arrested for disturbances in hours before dawn. Then memories "book I:4" HCE's conscious/musings or unconscious/dream psychological travails of past guilts (underworld coffin, Ulysses ch Hades) while incarcerated in early hours of morning. Followed by memories "book I:2" HCE walks home through Phoenix Park accosted for the time of day (12 noon) which threatens (real/unreal memories, Ulysses ch Nausicaa) his innocent well-being. These 3 chapters in FW are Joyce's major rework to incorporate Vico's revelation of restart / recirculation into FW - Joyce rewrites 3 chapters of Ulysses: When He is denied Her front door, He is in Hell (on earth), when released (from Hell) His odyssey to Her begins again (with His ever-present accompanying internal travails) for She always knows when He is worthy of Her acceptance (their Paradise).Then "book I:1" Finnegan's afternoon wake at HCE's tavern and retelling memories (books I:2-4). Inside HCE's tavern (his ship) his patrons talk about his family (Norwegian Captain and the Tailor's Daughter), truthful letters (ALP) and fabricated stories (books I:5-8 & II:3); while the children (Shaun, Shem and Iseult) are in and out of the family tavern/home all day taking their lessons (book II:2) and playing about with their friends (Shem's closing dream, book II:1); HCE, as proprietor, defends himself with a self-deprecating apologia before his intoxicated collapse late night (book II:3). HCE dreams on his tavern floor (book II:4); then dreams in his bed (books III:1-3); before intercourse with his wife ALP (book III:4). HCE & ALP's lovemaking dissolution dream (book IV) to awaken to a new day, Joycean Nirvana is attained by ALP's (& HCE's) unification with the Unmanifest (Creation, Incarnate conception) and Reincarnation (the baton has been passed on again), awaiting Joyce's God "thunderclap" at the beginning of FW's "book I".FW is aural (oral) history like Homer's Odessey and Celtic folktales - when one pronounces (phonology) FW's words (aloud) there are more languages than just English; also, when one reads (morphology) FW's words almost all the words are "portmanteaus / neologisms" which gives each of FW's "poly-syncretic" words many meanings (universal impermanence, Heisenberg uncertainty/obscurity), each FW syncretic sentence dozens of possible messages, each FW syncretic paragraph hundreds of possible readings, Joyce's rendering of a more expansive English language and multiplicating universal book with coalescing syncretic themes/stories (that responds/opens to each reader's inquiries). Joyce schooled in Christian Jesuit metaphysics (pushed down into the mindfulness of human consciousness) breathes in the spirit of expansive Celtic (Irish) democratic community tavern life where man's stories of life are told. Tavern life teaches the evolution of Joyce's ten God "thunderclaps" (one hundred lettered words) pushing man's evolution forward from cave man's tales to modern tv media tales. Inside the tavern man learns of the purely human (animal) fall, taken down by another human(s) - like animal taken down on the African savanna. A granular reading of FW can render FW as an updated John Milton's Paradise Lost (regurgitated knowledge from the tree, to affirm man's damnation); however, Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species was published in 1859 and Joyce in FW book II clearly walks Shaun, Shem and Iseult through their earthly evolutionary lifetime travails, our mortality is a consequence of Life's evolution. Every page of FW speaks to man's evolution (unconscious biological, conscious social, aspirational personal) and to Life recirculating (West meets Dzogchen East a "meeting of metaphysical minds") that binds humanity together into the future. Dzogchen (beyond all dualistic polarities) the heart of human consciousness - Joyce's underlying (subcutaneous) arguments refute the "Western curse of metaphysical/mythological damnation", the curse does not exist in the Eastern mind. Like "counting the number of angels on the head of a pin" (Aquinas 1270) Joyce provides a granular/expansive reading of FW as a "defense against all Western adversity" for our conscious and unconscious Western travails. HCE's angst is caused by his community that imposes a Western curse (damnation) upon him that man is not guilty of...to experience Joycean Nirvana, a defense against this man-made guilt is required - for as Zoroaster revealed cosmogonic dualism, evil is mixed with good in man's universal everyday travails (even the Dalai Lama must defend Nirvana rigorously from the most populous authoritarian state in human history).Joyce's FW celebrates the Joys of Christian/Buddhist diversity of humanity (expansive human consciousness: Gnostic Norwegian Captain, Shem, Archdruid), Brahma (Finnegan, HCE, Shaun), Divine Women (ALP, Iseult, Nuvoletta), his family - and the Sufferings of the inescapable "evil" of Shiva (Buckley), the debilitating harmful sterile intrusive authoritarian institutionalizing damnation (MaMaLuJo, St. Patrick) by Augustine, the manufactured clerical corruption identified by Luther (since 367 AD) and the burdens of "survival of the fittest" anxiety (modern commerce) met with a Dzogchen Buddhist stance. The (innocent infant) Norwegian Captain (Krishna, HCE), occasionally defensive (Shiva, HCE), though concretized (Brahma, HCE) by community family life (MaMaLuJo) - through spirits (drink) HCE can access his spirituality (dreams) and through spiritual (cutting through) love-making with ALP (direct approach) can access (their Krishnas) unification with the Unmanifest. Joyce was a Prophet who consumed Man's conscious and spiritual "thoughts and dreams, history and gossip, efforts and failings" - to reveal the joys (Nirvana) and sufferings (Saṃsāra) of Mankind.Joyce's FW message: Christian/Buddhist omniscient compassion (Christ/Krishna) is eternally joyful and recirculating. Affirmative family (HCE/Brahma, ALP/Divine woman & children) existentiality: life's biological evolution (sex), modern survival (money), constraining community (Dharma, social evolution) are constantly assaulted by inescapable "aggressive insidious vile" corrupt soul(less/sucking) ossified demonic antipathetic attacks. Joycean Nirvana is attained via the Christian/Buddhist affirmative middle way, "beyond polar opposites" the path of Christ/Buddha.JCB

  • E. C. Koch
    2019-01-25 17:49

    An indispensable supplement to Joyce's novel, and an incredible work of scholarship.

  • Kingsley Layton
    2019-01-30 16:36

    I read this without having read the book on its own and found the annotations very helpful and not distracting; at least to my mind.

  • Eamonn Kelly
    2019-01-20 21:33

    Useful, if unnecessary, reading Ulysses to understand absolutely everything Joyce makes reference to is not the point of it, like, at all.

  • Rachel Kasten
    2019-02-08 18:33

    A must have guide to help the Ulysses reader navigate through the novel. Without this, I would have been lost.

  • Paul
    2019-01-25 21:42

    Indispensable for a thorough reading of Ulysses.This is a reference book, with entries arranged in order of their occurrence in the text. Originally compiled to help students in Gifford's own classes on Ulysses, it sets out to answer just about anything you might want to "look up" while reading Ulysses--which is a lot, and this is a big book.For example: you're reading the Lestrygonians episode, and you come across a mention of "lemon platt". What's that? Look it up in the Lestrygonians chapter of Ulysses Annotated, and you find: "Candy made of plaited sticks of lemon-flavored barley sugar." In the next line or so of Joyce's text you come across the mention of "a christian brother". What's that? It's right here: a paragraph on "a teaching brotherhood of Roman Catholic laymen, bound under temporary vows."In a similar way, Gifford goes into references to the Bible, to Irish history, to Greek mythology, to references to Blake, Yeats, Wagner, and many others, to identifying the specific Dublin individuals and businesses named in the text, as well as giving full verses of the many poems and songs alluded to by Joyce, and much else besides these things.This book is the result of someone's having done all the "looking up" that can be done with Ulysses, so you don't have to. It does not attempt to go into the meaning and symbolism of Ulysses very much; for that you need other works. But if you want to read Ulysses with anything more than a slight comprehension, you need this book--unless you already have an encyclopedic knowledge of 1904 Dublin and Ireland; Irish history, culture, and folklore; 19th-century poetry, fiction, opera, and popular music; the Bible; Homer's Odyssey; the life and works of Shakespeare; the works of Dante, Vico, Milton, Blake, Wilde, Swift, et al; the Catholic mass; Christian theology; Hinduism; and 17th-century English underworld cant. But if you don't have such knowledge, this book is for you.

  • Kaitlyn
    2019-01-20 22:26

    It's been about two years since I read Ulysses, and reviewing it today I had to go back and add an extra star for this "greatest novel of all time". I had to add it, not because I found the book itself any more enjoyable. Having read the monstrous text three times now, I completely recognize its literary merit despite loathing every moment I've spent trenching through its thick, over-analyzed language. But that was what got the book its first three stars -- I knew it could not be ignored. However, since reading it I've found it even more difficult to ignore. References to Ulysses are everywhere. Yes. I say, yes. Yes. In the ineluctable modality of the visual I see Ulysses and Stephen and Bloom wherever I go, and I find that I actual find a lot of pleasure in this. Like Stephen, I revel in the my little academic victories, and I find that I enjoy Ulysses more now that I've seen it in the world. So 4 stars it is.

  • Kim
    2019-01-16 19:36

    This book was such a great help to me in my Ulysses class in my final year at university. I thought Ulysses was very heavy reading and like many people before me I had already started reading it before the class and given up on it after a couple of chapters. However, in class with all the extra explanations given by the professor about almost every sentence, this book became a lot more fun to read. The teacher recommended us to use this companion to furteher explore the book on our own and I really enjoyed it. This companion explains the over a thousand references that are within Ulysses and finally understanding the author's meaning of a particular sentence or word made me feel great. Sure there is a chance that some of the things referenced in the book were not the author's intention, but finding different meanings in something as small as a singular word is super fun! I don't want to ever read Ulysses without this companion again!

  • Hamish
    2019-01-25 00:28

    Extremely useful, but can be dangerous. Don't be tempted to sit it side by side with your copy of Ulysses and read them in tandem (as it suggests in the foreward). You really don't need to know every annotation here. Look, I love minutia. But some of this is beyond minutia and will contribute nothing to your appreciation, and constantly switching back and forth between the two books will ruin the flow of the work and your enjoyment of it. Instead, keep it nearby and if something in particular confuses you in Ulysses, look it up here. In that capacity, it's great. It has all the facts you wanted to know but didn't, as well as some other useful stuff like maps and the original schema (though Nabokov claimed that was a joke on Joyce's part and should be ignored).I can't even imagine the research that went into making this. This is some grade A OCD scholarship right here.