The Mahabharata is one of the greatest stories ever told. Though the basic plot is widely known, there is much more to the epic than the dispute between Kouravas and Pandavas that led to the battle in Kurukshetra. Indeed, there are innumerable sub-plots embedded in the Mahabharata's staggering 80,000 shlokas or couplets.This magnificent 10-volume unabridged translation isThe Mahabharata is one of the greatest stories ever told. Though the basic plot is widely known, there is much more to the epic than the dispute between Kouravas and Pandavas that led to the battle in Kurukshetra. Indeed, there are innumerable sub-plots embedded in the Mahabharata's staggering 80,000 shlokas or couplets.This magnificent 10-volume unabridged translation is based on the Critical Edition compiled at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute.The fourth volume of the Mahabharata includes Virata Parva and almost all of Udyoga Parva. It describes the Pandavas' thirteenth year of exile which they spend in disguise in King Virata's court. The Kouravas and Trigartas invade Matsya to rob Virata of his cattle, but the Pandavas defeat them in battle. With the period of banishment over, the Pandavas ask to be returned their share of the kingdom. This is refused and Udyoga Parva recounts the build up to an inevitable war.The Mahabharata continues to captivate swathes of readers for the simple reason that it explores the full range of human emotions. With this lucid translation, Debroy succeeds in making the epic accessible to a contemporary audience....
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The Mahabharata Reviews
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"Negotiating and Preparing - The Inexorable March to Destruction"With the twelfth year of exile coming to a close, the Pandavas need to - "... spend the thirteenth year in disguise, but in inhabited places", as per the conditions of the bet (Ch 292, Anudyuta Parva). They settle upon the Matsya kingdom, and decide how each of the six is going to disguise themselves and enter the kingdom. The thirteenth year safely negotiated, but not without Bheema almost giving the game away, twice, and a concerted effort by Duryodhana to force the Pandavas to come out of hiding, the negotiations begin. The Pandavas ask for their kingdom, and the Kauravas refuse. After several rounds of discussions, war is inevitable. The preparations for the war begin, and the last sub-Parva in this volume ends with Bhishma, the commander of the Kuru army, enumerating the warriors on both sides - Ratha-Atiratha Samkhya.This fourth volume contains the entire Virata Parva, the fourth parva (as per the 18-parva classification), and most of the fifth parva, Udyoga Parva. Going by the 100-sub-Parva classification it contains Sub-Parvas 45 through 59, the 45th Sub-Parva being Vairata Parva, while the 59th Sub-Parvas is Ratha-Atiratha Samkhya. Vol. 4 contains all the sections (adhyayas) of the Udyoga Parva, with the exception of the last adhyayay, Ambopakyana Parva, which I guess recalls the tale of Amba after she left the Kuru assembly, seething with rage and looking for revenge against Bhishma. The longest parva in this volume is Bhagavat-Yana Parva, clocking in at 2055 shlokas, which, as the name suggests, covers Lord Krishna's travel to Hastinapur to plead for peace one last time.My complete review at http://blog.abhinavagarwal.net/2012/0...
This contains the last bit of the exile in the forest, in which the Pandavas are in hiding. A war breaks out and Arjuna beats everyone up (amusingly, in the guise of a eunuch). And then there's a long series of negotiations, which eventually and obviously fail, and the armies march to battle.