Read Zakon Trupiej Czaszki by Heinz Höhne Online


Nosili czarne mundury i byli postrachem narodu. Żadna dziedzina życia nie była wolna od ich ingerencji. Uważali się za nową formę religijnej sekty z własnymi rytuałami i zwyczajami. Człowiek postronny nie miał prawa poznać wewnętrznych mechanizmów tego tajnego stowarzyszenia. SS zasnuło Rzeszę i całą podbitą Europę niewidzialną pajęczą siecią.Dopiero po upadku hitlerowskicNosili czarne mundury i byli postrachem narodu. Żadna dziedzina życia nie była wolna od ich ingerencji. Uważali się za nową formę religijnej sekty z własnymi rytuałami i zwyczajami. Człowiek postronny nie miał prawa poznać wewnętrznych mechanizmów tego tajnego stowarzyszenia. SS zasnuło Rzeszę i całą podbitą Europę niewidzialną pajęczą siecią.Dopiero po upadku hitlerowskich Niemiec Międzynarodowy Trybunał Wojskowy w Norymberdze ujawnił koszmarne szczegóły, które SS tak starannie ukrywało. Na ich podstawie ogłosił wyrok: uznał SS za organizację zbrodniczą, wykorzystywaną do kryminalnych celów, winną męczeńskiej śmierci milionów ludzi.Niniejsza książka to nie tylko rzetelnie udokumentowana, kompletna historia SS, pogłębiona analiza mechanizmów jego funkcjonowania oraz roli, jaką odegrało w budowaniu potęgi Trzeciej Rzeszy, a także miejsca wśród innych nazistowskich organizacji. To także próba odpowiedzi na fundamentalne pytanie: Jak to się stało, że ponad milion ludzi zbiorowo i w tak krótkim czasie zmieniło się w masowych morderców?...

Title : Zakon Trupiej Czaszki
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 8389344173
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 631 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

Zakon Trupiej Czaszki Reviews

  • Lewis Weinstein
    2019-06-08 06:57

    A huge tome, pretty much unreadable.

  • Chin Joo
    2019-05-29 13:21

    This monumental book on the SS is one I believe many will not want to miss. For the uninitiated like me who thinks that the SS is but a single organisation of uniform people, this book will almost confuse you with the divisions and sub-divisions within the collective SS outfit. Riding along the history of the SS is the inescapable history of the Third Reich, this book therefore does more than one job.The Introduction to the book was written like a literature review in a thesis with a good survey of the then available literature. The research questions were given at the start:1. What is this organisation and how do they go about the tasks that defined their existence? ("But the outer world was never allowed to know anything of what went on inside the SS...) (pg 2).2. What turned the SS into this machinery that turned the ethnic cleansing doctrine into reality? (" did not explain the source of power which enabled the SS to turn the racial fantasies of the National-Socialist regime into dreadful fact.) (pg 4).The author then spent the rest of the book trying to answer these two questions, which he did admirably. It is obvious that the author researched the materials very well and was meticulous about the smallest details. Unfortunately, I became quickly lost in the many names that appeared in the book, some making but a fleeting appearance. At first I tried to follow the names and developments as closely as possible, but found it tough-going and sometimes lost sight of the larger story. I then resorted to only paying attention to names associated with major events or incidents.A book on the Third Reich will always evoke questions about how it came to be. How did a bunch of people who started off on the fringe, identified more with a group of hooligans than stately politicians came to gain total control over Germany and almost dominated Europe? The author did not explicitly answer these questions but gave clues for the readers to make their own conclusions. It was not that nobody was able to see the sinister side of the Hitler, but the law, which might have stopped him, failed to be exercised. The generals had their chances but would never take the fateful step when the time came (pg. 250) and eventually would have to relent to the Einsatzgruppen’s lawlessness, and then be themselves implicated after the war (pg. 298).There are a few chapters that are particularly worth reading. Examples of these are the one on Heydrich (Chapter 8) and especially the one on the Final Solution (Chapter 14). The latter gives a raw depiction at the heart of the Nazi regime, one that is defined by violence. Many readers would have known about the camps and the number of people who died. But this chapter presents the torture in graphic details and most important of all, it tried to capture the warped and 'schizophrenic' nature of the SS. They are shown as 'ordinary' people who could go back to their families after killing hundreds in the camp - it's all in a day's work. What to me is the scariest is not that they didn't know what they did was morally wrong, not even that they tried to justify it based on their need to obey commands from the top, but their romance about the sacrifice they were making by doing something evil for the greater good, so that others would not have to do it. And I always believe that the interest in understanding the Nazis is precisely because we know that we might be like them.More interestingly is how people deal with the issue of the SS after the war. The author hinted that the Germans were very quick to recognise the existence of the SS, not to glorify them, but rather to paint them in as bad a light as possible, thereby shifting their collective guilt to the SS, absolving themselves of blame (pg. 7).What of the surviving members of the SS then? The reader is invited to find out for himself/herself in this book, one that is not easy to read, but is nevertheless an important source of almost all aspects of the SS.

  • Michael
    2019-06-14 09:57

    This hefty book remains one of the more popular items in mainstream bookstores' “German History” sections, suggesting that it continues to inform history buffs about its subject almost fifty years after its publication. I’m not sure how many amateur historians actually trouble to read all 750+ pages of text, but many (like myself not so long ago) probably refer to it for the table of SS ranks converted to standard military (US and British) ranks and may occasionally use the glossary to look up some of the more obscure departments or offices of the Third Reich.I’m not sure that its value as a historical work is as great as its popularity would suggest. It was written by a journalist, who certainly made good use of archival sources, but seems to have approached his subject without any challenging questions to motivate his research – what he produced is a fairly ordinary institutional history of (admittedly) a rather extraordinary institution. There isn’t much in this book that you won’t find in other sources, but it does have the advantage of putting a great deal of information in one place. It’s quite a while since I read it, but what I recall being the most interesting was the section on the SD, or Sicherheitsdienst, the internal security force for the Party, whose power grew even within the SS throughout much of its history. Like many internal security forces, the SD was feared and distrusted even within the police and party apparatus, but also interestingly they appear to have constituted an elite within the elite SS, and correspondingly their journal, “Das Schwarze Korps” was where some of the more original and controversial theory of the SS-state was published and debated. Höhne only devotes a few pages to its analysis, but they are among the most promising in the book, and definitely provoke me to want to find a more thorough discussion of “Das Schwarze Korps” and the SD in general. The book is also to be praised as one of the first in German (its original language) to devote serious study to the “Final Solution” in the context of the history of the Third Reich. While today we take analysis of the Holocaust for granted in historical work on Germany at the time, this was not the case in 1966, and Höhne’s chapter on the Final Solution includes much of what appears standard today. This is not to say that every detail is perfect, of course, but it was a beginning to willingness of German historians and history buffs to look at the darkest side of their history. In looking over this book in preparation for the review, I found a few places where the translation seemed a bit awkward and much information that seemed superfluous to the story of the SS, no doubt because it targets a non-specialist audience which is unfamiliar with the details. It remains useful as an introduction to the SS and to the state it served, but should be supplemented by more current and more challenging research.

    2019-06-21 06:59

    I read "The Order of the Death's Head" during my student days in the early 1980s. It really opened up my eyes to the various units and entities that made up the SS . In particular, the Allgemeine SS (the part of the SS that was responsible for the running of the concentration camps, among other things) and the Waffen SS (the militarized arm of the SS that had its own infantry and tank units and saw action on virtually all of the fighting fronts between 1939 and 1945, with the exception of North Africa).

  • Matthew
    2019-06-24 12:15

    This is a honkingly huge history of the SS packed with detail. Indeed, as it contains so much detail and follows for the most part a chronological approach, it pretty much serves as a history of the whole Third Reich through the prism of the SS.

  • Jake
    2019-05-29 07:18

    Good heavens, I don't know where to begin here. I ordered this book to supplement by curiousity about German history. I did not expect this to be as vast and as expansive as it turned out to be. Forget what you think you know about the SS, all of its history begins and ends here.This is a book that did not cause me to be enraged by what the SS were, so much as to calmly analyze its structure, its beginnings, its rationale for what it did, and how it proceeded to do this. Personally, I believe this is important to critically analyze terror squads like this and the NKVD of the Yezhovian era, not to become outraged at them emotionally, but to calmly reject their rationale and teachings through logic and reason. Society must not only eject their irrational ideologies, but must have reason for doing so.This book is over 700 pages, definitely an extensive read panned down to grueling detail. I was absolutely floored by some of the things I read, I suggest anyone who has interest in the Third Reich read this. You will be surprised to find that the Nazi SS were not the only culprits in the devious crimes they committed, but the blame could be cast in numerous directions, including a guilty party not many would expect. This book is quite possibly one of the most detailed reads I've ever experienced, well written and enjoyable. Technical enough to reel in anyone truly interested, but simple enough to be enjoyable. Its on the same level of detail that Ian Kershaw's "The Nazi Dictatorship" was, but somehow manages to be much more enjoyable to actually read, which is quite an accomplishment unto itself.

  • Christopher Saunders
    2019-06-04 12:10

    Fascinatingly detailed account of Nazi Germany, focusing (as the title suggestions) on Heinrich Himmler and the SS. In many ways the anti-William Shirer: Hohne shows the Third Reich as not a monolithic war machine but a disorganized regime with different factions at each other's throats. On top of his detailed yet extremely readable narrative, Hohne provides unique interpretations of key events. On the Night of the Long Knives, Hohne depicts the SS manipulating Hitler into offing Ernst Rohm and the SA. Where many historians delineate a straight line from Mein Kampf to Auschwitz, Hohne shows the equivocal, hesitant manner the Holocaust turned into full-blown genocide. And Himmler dabbled in anti-Hitler conspiracies throughout the Second World War until the Stauffenberg plot, ironically, elevated him to Germany's second most powerful figure. I'd have to reread, say, Shirer or Evans or Burleigh to test the validity of Hohne's theses, but it's certainly one of the best books on the subject I've encountered.

  • Nick Wallace
    2019-06-04 15:21

    After all the movies over all the years, you would think that the SS and it's various arms were a monolith. This book sets about displaying the inner workings of this organization, showing the various divisions to be private fiefdoms of their respective heads, all vying for ultimate control.

  • Sean
    2019-06-04 07:58

    A most thorough and detailed account of the SS! Insights and understanding that make sense, instead of the "mob mentality" theories from other books on the subjects. Allows you to also draw you own conclusions. LONG - DRY - and exactly what a factual history book should be.

  • Will
    2019-06-14 14:20

    I enjoy dense books: War and Peace was light reading, and I got through Ulysses with some supplemental material. I also enjoy World War II books: William Shirer's The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany is my top pick for thorough, fascinating analysis of Nazi lore.This dense, World War II book got the best of me. There's no doubt it is well-researched, has a solid thesis, and achieves it. However, its excessive, droll attention to detail made it ultimately unreadable. My eyes glazed over as the parade of unimportant acronyms, names, and bureaucratic departments marched past. Events that should have been contentious and attention-grabbing were not. By the time I got to foreign policy analysis I felt I was having as much fun as filling out paperwork for the government in question, and I gave up.

  • Randolph Carter
    2019-06-18 10:57

    Riveting subject matter (5-star) but the book is either very poorly written (2-star) in a disjointed journalistic style or poorly translated or both. See what happens when an entire civilized country goes berserk and the wildest conspiracy theory you could ever come up with turns out to be true.What could be more interesting than Nazi death squads, storm troopers, death camps, medical experiments, entire Death's Head army divisions not even under the control of the military? How could they avoid creeping themselves out?So next time you say it can't happen here, host a tea party.

  • Lee
    2019-06-11 06:53

    To my mind one of the best books ever written on the topic of the SS.It may appear to be a dense read for the casual reader but to anybody with a good interest in the Third Reich I think they will find it a very enjoyable and rewarding book.Published nearly 50 years ago and still stands up to some of the more recent SS histories.A must have for anybody interested in the nazi regime and this odious organisation

  • Lisa
    2019-06-11 10:59

    Excellent book, but for me the structure (thematic rather than chronological) made it somewhat confusing. Halfway through, I started to feel like I needed to draw a timeline to keep track of who was feuding with who/made which powerplay when.

  • Kafkasfriend
    2019-06-25 12:54

    Excellent author dedicated detailed research with a sure precision for detail and accuracy. Not sentimental brutally true to the historical imperative. We owe him and his colleagues a huge debt of gratitude.

  • Daniel Mcclain
    2019-06-13 11:05

    Heinz Hohne's "The Order of the Death's Head" is a pretty dense read. That being said, it is impeccably researched, and offers what I consider the definitive look at one of the most macabre and fascinating groups ever created.

  • Seth
    2019-06-15 14:55

    Holy shit, this is a ridiculously interesting and excruciatingly detailed history of the SS. Seriously, absorbing, but on a meticulously completist level I've rarely seen before or since. Excellent, but very serious reading at 600 pages, not for the faint of heart or easily distracted.

  • Ray Schneider
    2019-06-21 08:21

    A very long book with some boring chapters about the inner rivalries within the SS and with the Nazi party and the Wehrmacht. The last two chapters were the most interesting - the SS and the Resistance and the End days of the SS and the Reich.

  • Katherine Addison
    2019-05-27 13:55

    History of the SS. Höhne's explanation of the Night of the Long Knives is the best I've read.

  • Steve Herreid
    2019-05-28 12:58

    I loved this book. Definitive account of the SS. Very detailed, perhaps too much for the casual reader.

  • Thomas
    2019-05-27 12:21

    informative, but hard to keep track of the names and dates

  • Drake
    2019-06-14 07:21

    Very good and informative ; with lots of names ,dates and very specific information.

  • Charles
    2019-06-10 07:01

    An excellent book on the history of the German SS. Fascinating and terrifying.