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შვიდი საღამო

თარგმნა ნინო ქაჯაიამამ წიგნში შესულია ხორხე ლუის ბორხესის მიერ 1977 წლის ზაფხულში, ბუენოს-აირესში, კოლიზეუმის თეატრში წაკითხული შვიდი ლექცია.დიდი მწერალი გვესაუბრება დანტეს ღვთაებრივ კომედიაზე, ათას ერთ ღამეზე, ბუდიზმზე, პოეზიაზე, კოშმარზე, კაბალაზე, სიბრმავეზე... ძალზე საინტერესოდ, ცოცხლად გვიზიარებს მოსაზრებებსა და შთაბეჭდილებებს და გვიღვიძებს სურვილს, წავიკითხოთ ან გადათარგმნა ნინო ქაჯაიამამ წიგნში შესულია ხორხე ლუის ბორხესის მიერ 1977 წლის ზაფხულში, ბუენოს-აირესში, კოლიზეუმის თეატრში წაკითხული შვიდი ლექცია.დიდი მწერალი გვესაუბრება დანტეს ღვთაებრივ კომედიაზე, ათას ერთ ღამეზე, ბუდიზმზე, პოეზიაზე, კოშმარზე, კაბალაზე, სიბრმავეზე... ძალზე საინტერესოდ, ცოცხლად გვიზიარებს მოსაზრებებსა და შთაბეჭდილებებს და გვიღვიძებს სურვილს, წავიკითხოთ ან გადავიკითხოთ ლიტერატურული შედევრები, დავფიქრდეთ იმაზე, რაზეც არ გვიფიქრია, ან სხვა თვალით დავინახოთ ლიტერატურული თუ ცხოვრებისეული მოვლენები.ესაა უაღრესად განათლებული და ნიჭიერი ადამიანის ნააზრევი; ადამიანისა, რომელსაც ეკუთვნის სიტყვები: „სამოთხეზე ფიქრისას ყოველთვის რაღაც ბიბლიოთეკისმაგვარი წარმომიდგება თვალწინ“.ბორხესის შვიდი საღამო საუკეთესო საკითხავია მათთვის, ვისთვისაც ლიტერატურა განუყრელი დღესასწაულია....

Title : შვიდი საღამო
Author :
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ISBN : 9789941458569
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 164 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

შვიდი საღამო Reviews

  • Sidharth Vardhan
    2019-01-02 02:57

    “What is magic? Magic is a unique causality. It is the belief that besides the causal relations we know, there is another causal relation. That relationship may be due to accidents, to a ring, to a lamp. We rub a ring, a lamp, and a genie appears. That genie is a slave who is also omnipotent and who will fulfill our wishes. It can happen at any moment.”“A good poem does not allow itself to be read in a low voice or silently. If we can read it silently, it is not a valid poem: a poem demands pronunciation. Poetry always remembers that it was an oral art before it was a written art. It remembers that it was first song.”I think what is most likeable about Borges the author is that you get to see Borges the reader - the guy whose paradise was a library. And here we get to meet that reader - his favorite books (view spoiler)[(Divine Comedy and One Thousand and One Nights) (hide spoiler)], his poetic faith (view spoiler)[“Coleridge said that poetic faith is the willing suspension of disbelief. If we attend the theater, we know that, amid the scenery, there are costumed people speaking the words of Shakespeare or Ibsen or Pirandello which have been put in their mouths. But we accept that these people are not costumed, that the man in the antechamber slowly talking to himself of vengeance really is Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. We lose ourselves. Films are even stranger, for what we are seeing are not disguised people but photographs of disguised people, and yet we believe them while the film is being shown.” (hide spoiler)], his knowledge of traditions all over the world, his habit of quoting and drawing connections between texts; as well as Borges the person with all his troubled life - his fears (masks and mirrors), his nightmares and his blindness. Anyway, to go on when you can quote Borges is like, as Punjabi expression goes, 'showing lamp to the sun'.The Divine Comedy“Personally, I am a hedonistic reader; I have never read a book merely because it was ancient. I read books for the aesthetic emotions they offer me, and I ignore the commentaries and criticism.”“The translation could be, at best, a means and a stimulus for the reader to approach the original.”“Poetry is, among so many other things, an intonation, an accentuation that is often untranslatable.”Nightmares"Groussac writes that it is astonishing that each morning we wake up sane that is, relatively ― sane after having passed through that zone of shades, those labyrinths ― of dreams.""It also happens in dreams that are not nightmares: they ask us something, and we don't know how to answer; they give us the answer, and we are astonished. The answer may be absurd, but in the dream it is exactly right. Everything has been prepared. I have come to the conclusion, though it may not be scientific, that dreams are the most ancient aesthetic activity."One Thousand and One Nights"The Persians have now incorporated him into their history Alexander, who slept with a sword and the Iliad under his pillow."Why 1001 tales?“In this, there is another kind of beauty. I think it lies in the fact that for us the word thousand is almost synonymous with infinite. To say a thousand nights is to say infinite nights, countless nights, endless nights. To say a thousand and one nights is to add one to infinity. Let us recall a curious English expression: instead of forever, they sometimes say forever and a day. A day has been added to forever. It is reminiscent of a line of Heine, written to a woman: “I will love you eternally and even after”“What enchanted Aesop or the Hindu fabulists was to imagine animals that were like little men, with their comedies and tragedies. The idea of the moral proposition was added later.”"The most famous tale of The Thousand and One Nights is not found in the original version. It is the story of Aladdin and the magic lamp. It appears in Galland's version, and Burton searched in vain for an Arabic or Persian text. Some have suspected that Galland forged the tale. I think the word forged is unjust and malign. Galland had as much right to invent a story as did those confabulatores nocturni. Why shouldn't we suppose that after having translated so many tales, he wanted to invent one himself, and did?"Budhism“Why not ― believe in the story of Prince Siddhartha?” He replied: “Because it doesn't matter; what matters is to believe in the Teachings.” He added, I think with more wit than truth, that to believe in the historical existence of the Buddha, or to be interested in it, is something like confusing the laws of mathematics with the biographies of Pythagoras or Newton. One of the subjects of meditation for the monks in the monasteries of China and Japan is to doubt the existence of the Buddha. It is one of the doubts that must be imposed on one's self in order to arrive at the truth""Man need not abandon the carnal life because it is lowly, ignoble, shameful, sorrowful; asceticism too is ignoble and sorrowful. He preaches a middle way to use the theological terminology. He has ― reached Nirvana, and he continues to live for another forty-odd years, dedicated to teaching."Poetry"The fact is that poetry is not the books in the library, not the books in Emerson's magic chamber. Poetry is the encounter of the reader with the book, the discovery of the book""Bradley said that one of the effects of poetry is that it gives us the impression not of discovering something new but of remembering something we have forgotten."“in the East, in general, they do not read literature and philosophy historically. They study the history of philosophy as though Aristotle were disputing with Bergson, Plato with Hume, all at the same time. This greatly disturbed Deussen and Max Müller, who could not determine the chronology of the authors they were studying.”The Kabbalah"Horace said, “At times, good Homer nodded.” No one would say that, at times, the good Holy Spirit nodded"Blindness"No one should read self-pity or reproach into this statement of the majesty of God; who with such splendid irony granted me books and blindness at one touch""Democritus of Abdera tore his eyes out in a garden so that the spectacle of reality would not distract him""I wanted to lie down in darkness. The world of the blind is not the night that people imagine."

  • Leonard Gaya
    2019-01-04 07:59

    Este librito es magnífico.Hacia 1977, Borges pronunció siete conferencias en el Coliseo de Buenos Aires, que quedan aquí transcritas. Aquí se descubre a Borges en su manera de hablar, siempre amena, aunque hable de temas eruditos, a veces difíciles de entender (la literatura, el cuerpo). A mi me ha parecido oír su voz tranquila y, a menudo, risueña.La primera trata de la "Divina Comedia" de Dante y es, tal vez, el mejor elogio que he podido leer sobre esta obra. Dice Borges: "La Comedia es un libro que todos debemos leer. No hacerlo es privarnos del mejor don que la literatura pueda darnos, es entregarnos a un extraño ascetismo... nadie tiene derecho a privarse de esa felicidad". Al menos a mi, me ha convencido que la he de leer.La segunda es una meditación sobre los sueños y las pesadillas. Considera estos fenómenos de la mente humana como el más antiguo de los procesos creativos. También habla del sentimiento de horror que algunos producen. Desde luego, una manera de enfocar este tema del todo distinta al psicoanálisis.La tercera nos habla del infinito libro de "Las mil y una noches", de su origen, de su composición y de sus traducciones. Fundamentalmente, habla de la idea del Oriente y de su antigua relación con el Occidente.La cuarta trata del budismo y, de forma más amplia, de la espiritualidad. Habla de su origen (la leyenda de Siddharta), de su doctrina (en especial la del budismo zen) y del mundo que es una ilusión.La quinta habla de poesía, y ante todo del placer que nos produce a través del lenguaje. Incluye ejemplos de Quevedo y de Banchs. Hablando de ese placer a sus estudiantes, dijo Borges: "Tengo para mí que la belleza es una sensación física, algo que sentimos con todo el cuerpo." No puedo estar más de acuerdo.La sexta trata de la tradición cabalística y del gnosticismo, de lo que es un libro sagrado y del sorprendente modus operandi con el cual la cábala estudia y considera tal libro. En suma, habla del universo.La séptima y última conferencia trata de la ceguera, que padeció Borges durante muchos años, como Homero, como Milton, como Joyce. Sin duda, es la más personal e íntima de estas siete noches.Concluyo. En algún momento de estas conferencias, Borges asevera: "Creo que la poesía es algo que se siente, y sí ustedes no sienten la poesía, si no tienen sentido de belleza, si un relato no los lleva al deseo de saber qué ocurrió después, el autor no ha escrito para ustedes. Déjenlo de lado, que la literatura es bastante rica para ofrecerles algún autor digno de su atención, o indigno hoy de su atención y que leerán mañana."Sin lugar a duda, Borges ha escrito para mi.

  • Fernando
    2019-01-22 02:51

    Qué puedo decir a estas alturas de nuestro padre universal de las letras, llamado Jorge Luis Borges sino simplemente sumarme a las filas de lectores que se han regocijado con sus libros.Podría deshacerme en elogios pero caería en lo redundante, por eso, voy a decirles que he disfrutado muchísimo de estas siete charlas que Borges diera en el Teatro Coliseo, allá por 1977 y en las que despliega toda su sabiduría sobre literatura en siete de los tantos temas que mucho le apasionaban, como eran “La Divina Comedia”, al que consideraba uno de sus libros preferidos y de Dante, escritor al que adoraba con locura, “La pesadilla”, en el que realidad habla de los sueños y las pesadillas, “Las Mil y una Noches” en donde diserta acerca de otro de los libros que lo marcaron a fuego, “El Budismo”, “La Poesía”, “La Cábala”, en estos tres apartados y también en los otros nos habla del libro y de la significación que tenía para él y en la última noche nos habla sobre “La Ceguera”, en el que expone sus apreciaciones personales acerca del “don”, como él denomina a su imposibilidad de ver, asociándolo con otros escritores famosos que también lo fueron o terminaron siéndolo (Homero, Milton, Joyce.)Una verdadera belleza de libro que se lee con placer y admiración a este escritor tan infinito como su obra.

  • Bastet
    2018-12-27 07:37

    Siete noches es uno de mis libros de cabecera, de vez en cuando releo alguno de los textos, sobre todo «Las mil y una noches» y «La Divina Comedia», mis favoritos. Borges dictó numerosas conferencias a lo largo de su vida. Las siete reunidas en este libro, magistrales, condensan la esencia de su pensamiento y son una prueba palpable de la lucidez de este escritor extraordinario. Cuánto me hubiera gustado ser una de sus oyentes y lectoras. Imprescindible para los admiradores de Borges.

  • Brian
    2019-01-11 08:40

    This was good. It's seven lectures that Borges gave in seven nights in Buenos Aires in 1977 (that's a lot of sevens). But it felt more like it was me an Borges sitting in a small room across from each other. He started talking to me about The Divine Comedy Inferno; Purgatorio; Paradiso and urged me to shed my fears and read the book. He said I would greatly be enriched. So I told him ok, I will. I was a still a bit intimidated by his presence and at that point would have stuck my hand in boiling water if he told me to. Then he started talking about nightmares and I started to loosen up a bit. This guy had some pretty crazy nightmares and it turns out that one of his friends and me shared a certain kind of nightmare... dreams that try to encompass infinity. I wanted to ask questions but he continued on by talking about the book Tales from a Thousand and One Nights and my mouth just hung open. He said he had the complete volumes but would never get to read all of them. Just knowing they were there gave him comfort. And then he went on to Buddhism and my world started spinning. He made me question too many of my foundations... I wanted to scream but he was relentless never giving me a chance to take a breath. This topic more than any he shared with me that night haunted me. Luckily he switched over to the topic of Poetry and I started to relax a little. And then it was on to the Kabbalah and I had to stifle a yawn. It was getting late. I was tired. And I couldn't get Madonna's vision out of my head. But when he told me he was going to wrap up this little talk by discussing Blindness, I perked up. I sat there looking at this old kindly man. I was probably just a greenish or bluish blob in his eyes but I'm sure he noticed that this blob didn't move. He spoke of blindness as being a gift. He said it taught him so much. He ended our time together with a line of Goethe: Alles Nahe werde fern (everything near becomes distant). 'Goethe', he said, 'was referring to the evening twilight. Everything near becomes distant. It is true. At nightfall, the things closest to us seem to move away from our eyes. So the visible world has moved away from my eyes, perhaps forever.'An excellent book.

  • Mamdouh Abdullah
    2019-01-06 03:52

    هذا هو بورخيس الذي يجب أن يُقرأ. ليس بورخيس القاص، إنه بورخيس القارئ، الموسوعي، الذي يلقي محاضرات في الجامعات، يتناول موضوعات أدبية وفلسفية ودينية بطريقة بارعة للغاية ومبهرة. بورخيس يستشهد بمصادر كثيرة، لكنه استشهاد محسوب، يدعم رؤيته أو يدلل عليها، ولا يستشهد لأجل الاستشهاد بحد ذاته. في هذه المحاضرات يتناول موضوعات: الكوميديا الإلهية، العمى، البوذية، الكابالا، الشعر، بطريقة جميلة آسرة، رؤيته لكوميديا دانتي ودلالات النص تحمل فهم عميق للنص الشعري الدانتي. بورخيس هنا ينتصر للجمال ضد النقد. على القارئ أن يبرأ ليستمتع ويجد الجمال. هذا ما يبحث عنه بورخيس في محاضراته. كقارئ لمجمل أعمال بورخيس: بورخيس كاتب المقالة والمحاضر والقارئ والذي يتحدث عن الكتب والقراءة والفلسفة هو المفضل لدي. كتبت مراجعة عامة عن بورخيس وهذا الكتاب في المدونةhttp://wp.me/p28q6M-fT

  • DB
    2018-12-31 05:55

    "Borges is our Virgil; only he knows the way." (from the introduction by Alastair Reid)At first you might mistake the frequency and variety of Borges' references for pretentiousness, but soon you will understand it as a symptom...of genius! Borges seems to be an expert in all things even marginally literary, and it shows very clearly in this clever, erudite, and surprisingly easy-to-read collection of essays. Since they were adapted from a series of lectures he gave, they really do read conversationally, making the sometimes densely layered and storied topics he discusses actually comprehensible.The world is simply a better place to live while reading Borges, there I said it.

  • Rise
    2019-01-11 09:42

    A transcription of Borges lectures originally delivered in Buenos Aires. Lit-crit without the academic pom-poms. Playful takes on seven subjects: Dante's Commedia, dreams and nightmares, the endless pleasures of The Thousand and One Nights, Buddhism, poetry, the Kabbalah, and blindness. I imagine myself attending these lectures (in English) and turning the ideas over in my mind before going to sleep. Perhaps I will sleep peacefully knowing that the next night's lecture will be another food for the mind. Or I can't sleep at all, anticipating the next lecture. Or I will be visited by fearful nightmares of mirrors, of closed rooms, of the inferno. There's no question that literature for Borges is like religion. Reading for him is an act of miracle. He is a blind man who sees.

  • Masumeh
    2019-01-14 07:03

    خواندنش مثل شب نشینی با پیرمرد بسیار دانایی است که شیرین سخن می گوید و بسیار بسیار می داند. هر از چند گاهی این حجم دانش متعجبت می کنی سپس تحسینت را برمی انگیزد.گاه البته آن همه ارجاعات تاریخی و فلسفی و...باعث میشوند فکر کنی هیچ نمی دانی و حس سرخوردگی کنی که باز شیرینی و عمق سخن پیرمرد تو را سر ذوق می آورد. سه تا سخنرانی اش را در مورد هزار و یکشب،بودا و قباله بیشتر از بقیه دوست داشتم. بخصوص هزار و یکشب و توصیف مردمانم از زبان بورخس. .خرداد 93

  • R.
    2019-01-15 07:53

    Finished this on my birthday. Read one chapter a day for a week--not the author's recommended method, but the obvious one. Like taking a night class. His voice, ideas echoed in my head and had an effect on some of my browsing choices for the next few weeks. Actually, it's the translator's voice, isn't it? The lecture-transcriptionist's voice. Borgesian, that.

  • Ahmad Sharabiani
    2019-01-13 07:47

    مجموعه هفت سخنرانی: «کمدی الهی» (درباره اثر معروف دانته)، «کابوس‌ها» درباره رؤیا و کابوس، «هزار و یک شب» تحلیلی از داستان‌های هزار و یک شب ایرانیان، «شعر»، «قباله» درباره ادبیات کلاسیک و متون مقدس، «کوری» درباره زندگی و نابینایی نویسنده، مشخصات نشر: تهران، نشر مرکز، ۱۳۷۸

  • Dato Kvaratskhelia
    2018-12-25 03:01

    Goodreads-ის პროფაილზე ვაყენებ ბორხესის ფოტოს

  • Stela
    2019-01-14 03:58

    Seven Nights gathers seven lectures delivered by Borges in Buenos Aires at the Teatro Coliseo, between June and August 1977. As usual, the erudition is overwhelming, the subjects enthralling, the interpretation original and the passion catching. Most of all, they offer, as usual, keys for reading not only the classics but also Borges’s works, revealing his obsessions, his views and his literary games. The first conference is dedicated to his book of all books, The Divine Comedy, which can be read in infinite ways, in which the expression defines the content and vice versa, whose most insignificant characters have more life that any main character in other books, and which, above all, is the ultimate proof that mankind was made for art. Therefore,The Commedia is a book that everyone ought to read. Not to do so is to deprive oneself of the greatest gift that literature can give us; it is to submit to a strange asceticism.After a dissertation about nightmares, suspected to be cries from hell, Borges speaks of the Thousand and One Nights, the book the Arabs say that it cannot be finished. Probably because it is infinite, like literature. I remember the little volumes aligned in my mother’s library that I read one by one. I always thought I’d read them all. I was obviously wrong. The lecture about Buddhism offers two explanations for its longevity: tolerance (resulted from that discipline of the self taught by yoga) and the request of faith (you have to feel the four truths and the eightfold path) and recalls the dream-like quality of life.Poetry develops Croce’s theory that literature is expression, to emphasize that language is an aesthetic creation, since it is always a matter of choice, dictated by feelings. This is why, Borges jokes,There are people who barely feel poetry, and they are generally dedicated to teaching it.Kabbalah developed an interesting (although not original) theory about the existence of evil. We were created by the last emanation of God, the almost zero God. The evil is nothing more that this divine imperfection translated into the material world. This explanation given by the cabbalists surpasses others, among which:• the theologians’, who declared that evil is negative, an absence of good, forgetting that physical pain, misfortune etc. are felt positive. “When we are miserable, we feel it as misery.”• Leibniz’s, who compared two libraries: one containing only the Aeneid, the other thousand books and Aeneid, to emphasize that the second is superior because evil is necessary for the variety of the world. “But he seems to forget that it is one thing that there are bad books in the library, and another thing to be those books. And if we are those books we are condemned to hell.” • Kierkegaard’s,” who said that if there were one soul in hell necessary for the variety of the world, and if that soul were his, he would sing from the depths of hell the praises of the Almighty.”The last lecture, reminding Oscar Wilde’s presumption that “Antiquity had deliberately represented Homer as blind” argues that blindness can be a powerful tool to better understand literature:We may believe that Homer never existed, but that the Greeks imagined him as blind in order to insist on the fact that poetry is, above all, music; that poetry is, above all, the lyre; that the visual can or cannot exist in a poet.In fact, Borges’ own ability to listen to the music of the spheres, sight or no sight, is proof enough.

  • Luka Fadiurashvili
    2018-12-29 09:43

    რა გინდა რომ თქვა. წაიკითხეთ და ნახეთ თქვენით. ამაზე განათლებული, ნათელმოსილი, ნათლიმამა კაცი, მე ჯერ არ ვიცი, არც მინდა ვიცოდე.

  • Justin Labelle
    2019-01-24 02:54

    An absolute joy to read.Borges has a rare gift when it comes to literature. He manages to make you fall in love with the act of reading. Few people can talk about classics in literature with true passion and little pretension. Borges does both.I strongly recommend this to anyone who needs a reminder that there is still plenty of joy to be had in holding a paper book.While all 7 texts are memorable, his lecture/view on The Divine Comedy will surely make you want to pick up a copy.Seven Nights also has a large selection of quotes worth writing down.Overall, the text could be compared to Michael Chabon's Maps and Legends(https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1...). Chabon shares a similar passion and enthusiasm for storytelling and story tellers, but doesn't always manage to keep the pretension out of it.

  • Brenda
    2018-12-29 06:39

    Tengo un problema con Borges... Por mas grandioso que sea, nunca termino de disfrutar sus libros :/

  • سلطان
    2019-01-13 08:51

    ألف ليلة وليلة، والعمى، هما أفضل محاضرات هذا الكتاب في رأيي.

  • Rafael
    2018-12-29 06:47

    Sentimos la poesía como sentimos la presencia de una mujer, escribe Borges. Y más adelante: ¿a qué diluirla en otras palabras, que sin duda serán más débiles que nuestros sentimientos? Tropecé con esta frase, releyendo la conferencia sobre La Poesía en el libro de Siete Noches. Me llama la atención porque el mismo Borges escribe en el prólogo de la colección “Jorge Luís Borges. Biblioteca Personal”: "Un Libro es una cosa entre las cosas, un volumen perdido entre los volúmenes que pueblan el indiferente universo, hasta que da con su lector, con el hombre destinado a sus símbolos".Pues yo era el lector de ese libro, por dos veces. Lo leí mas o menos en 1984 y lo releí parcialmente hace unas semanas cuando Borges cumplió 25 años de muerto. Alguien preguntó en una red social qué lectura de Borges se recomendaba y agregaba: "que no sea de las clásicas". Supongo que por clásicas se refería a sus cuentos y sugerí la lectura del libro que compila los prólogos que escribió Borges, del de su diálogo con Sábato, mediado por Orlando Barone y del de Siete Noches, que es la transcripción, revisada por Borges, de siete conferencias nocturnas. Llegado a la casa, esa noche, busqué de inmediato el volumen entre los volúmenes y me puse a releerlo. Me sorprendió la cantidad de cosas que había olvidado y la aparente banalidad de otras que recordaba claramente.Entre las que recordaba sin problema está la etimología de Alfil, que significa elefante. Borges habla de esa palabra cuando en la conferencia sobre Las Mil y una Noches cuenta del elefante que Harun Al-Rashid envia de regalo a Carlomagno. Había olvidado la historia del regalo, pero no la etimología.Otro pasaje que recordaba vividamente, éste en la conferencia sobre la Divina Comedia, es aquel donde se narra como Paolo y Francesca han descubierto que están enamorados, leyendo sobre Lancelote y como ese amor adúltero los ha llevado al Infierno. Borges interpreta que Dante envidia la suerte de los dos amantes: “Paola y Francesco están en el Infierno, él se salavará, pero ellos se han querido y el no ha logrado el amor de la mujer que ama, de Beatriz”En esa misma plática Borges cita esta cuarteta de Lugones, que recuerdo de memoria desde entonces:Al promediar la tarde de aquel díaCuando iba mi habitual adiós a darte,Fue una vaga congoja de dejarteLo que me hizo saber que te queríaNo releí la conferencia sobre la ceguera, pero recuerdo que Borges habla de su propia ceguera y de cómo la fue aceptando poco a poco; refiere que fue perdiendo los colores paulatinamente y que aun es capaz a veces de distinguir el amarillo. Me sorprendió la serenidad con la que habla de su ceguera. Las conferencias sobre La Cábala y el Budismo las tenía totalmente olvidadas. Son muy filosóficas. En la de la Cábala Borges habla de la diferencia entre un libro sagrado y un libro clásico : "En un libro sagrado son sagradas no solo sus palabras sino las letras con que fueron escritas. Ese Concepto lo aplican los cabalistas al estudio de las escrituras". Platica enseguida, Borges, la creación del Adam Kadmon, el hombre arquetipo, a partir de las diez emanaciones ( Sephirot) del ser primordial En Soph. El hombre arquetipo emana cuatro mundos, el tercero es el nuestro y el cuarto el infierno. En la conferencia del Budismo, Borges resalta su principal virtud: la tolerancia: "…nunca ha pensado que el fuego o el hierro fueran persuasivos. Cuando Asoka, emperador de la India se hizo budista, no trató de imponer a nadie su nueva religión". Cuenta, Borges, la leyenda del Buda, el despierto el lúcido: La reina Maya (Ilusión), casada con el rey Suddhodana, da a luz un hijo, que los astrólogos predicen “corre el peligro de ser el Buda, si conoce la vejez, la enfermedad, la muerte y el ascetismo. Lo que obviamente ocurre.Pasa después, la conferencia, por un tema muy del gusto del escritor que es el de la transmigración y aproxima el fenómeno a la manera como se le ve en la tradición occidental, citando al poeta Taliesi que dice haber tenido todas la formas posibles en el universo: "He sido un jefe en la batalla, he sido una espada en la mano, he sido un puente que atraviesa sesenta ríos, estuve hechizado en la espuma del agua, he sido una estrella, he sido una luz, he sido un árbol, he sido una palabra en un libro, he sido un libro en el principio". Al final de esta conferencia se refiere Borges al nirvana: "Qué significa llegar al nirvana? Simplemente que nuestros actos ya no arrojan sombras. Mientras estamos en este mundo estamos sujetos al Karma. Cada uno de nuestros actos entreteje esa estructura mental que se llama Karma. Cuando hemos llegado al nirvana nuestros actos ya no proyectan sombra, estamos libres". Hay una séptima conferencia, sobre la pesadilla, de la que casi no recuerdo nada, salvo que pasa por las etimologías de las palabras que en diferentes idiomas significan pesadilla. Con el libro, de las Siete Noches, en las manos, hojeo rápidamente el texto de la conferencia en busca de algún recuerdo, sin mucha suerte. Sin embargo me llaman la atención las frases finales: "¿Y si las pesadillas fueran estrictamente sobrenaturales? ¿Si las pesadillas fueran grietas del infierno? ¿Si en las pesadillas estuviéramos literalmente en el infierno? ¿Por qué no? Todo es tan raro que aun eso es posible".

  • Levani Chkonia
    2019-01-02 08:37

    მაგრად მომეწონა ბორხესი.ზედმეტად სუფთად ფიქრობს, ხარვეზების გარეშე, ყოველ შემთხვევაში, მე ასე მომეჩვენა (ან დავინახე, გავიგე. რატომ მომეჩვენა? მარა ასე დავტოვებ)

  • Jovana Gavrilovic
    2019-01-06 04:34

    Savory

  • umberto
    2019-01-24 04:03

    Reading this compact book of Jorge Luis Borges's seven lectures delivered in 1977 in Buenos Aires was something entertaining and informative due to his vast knowledge and in-depth understanding on each lecture topic. Nowadays his name might be less popular, few readers might not be keen on reading his works; indeed, he has long been acclaimed as one of the great writers in Latin America. Please visit this website to know him a little more:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_Lu..., then we may borrow some of his works, for instance, "Collected Fictions" (Penguin 1999), "Selected Non-fictions" (Penguin 2000), "Fictions" (Penguin 2000), etc. from any good public or university library to read or may visit some good bookstores where we can browse and buy his books as we like.It might be a good idea for us to read on how he started his unique, splendid and inspiring lectures, in other words, how he set the scene as extracted from the first paragraphs of the three I preferred. If we find any a bit lengthy, we may read a few lines as something to taste regarding these literary hors d'oeuvres.1.The Thousand and One Nights A MAJOR EVENT in the history of the West was the discovery of the East. It would be more precise to speak of a continuing consciousness of the East, comparable to the presence of Persia in Greek history. Within this general consciousness of the Orient -- something vast, immobile, magnificent, incomprehensible -- there were certain high points, and I would like to mention a few. This seems to me the best approach to a subject I love so much, one I have loved since childhood, The Book of the Thousand and One Nights or, as it is called in the English version -- the one I first read -- The Arabian Nights, a title that is not without mystery, but is less beautiful. ... (p. 42)2. Buddhism THE SUBJECT TONIGHT is Buddhism. I will not go into the long history that begins some twenty-five hundred years ago in Benares, when a prince of Nepal name Siddhartha or Gautama became the Buddha, set in motion the wheel of the Law, and proclaimed the four noble thuths and the eight-fold path. I will speak of the essence of the religion, the elements of Buddhism which have been preserved since the fifth century before Christ. From the age of Heraclitus, Pythagoras, and Zeno, up to our own time, the elements have remained the same, but the religion has become encrusted with mythology, astronomy, extraneous beliefs, and magic. Since the subject is complex, I will limit myself to what the diverse sects have in common. This corresponds, more or less, to Hinayana, or the Less Vehicle.... (p. 58)3. Blindness IN THE COURSE of the many lectures --- too many lectures -- I have given, I've observed that people tend to prefer the personal to the general, the concrete to the abstract. I will begin, then, by referring to my own modest blindness. Modest, because it is total blindness in one eye, but only partial in the other. I can still make out certain colors; I can still see blue and green. And yellow, in particular, has remained faithful to me. I remember when I was young I used to linger in front of certian cages in the Palermo zoo: the cages of the tigers and leopards. I lingered before the tigers' gold and black. Yellow is still with me, even now. I have written a poem entitled "The Gold of the Tigers," in whcih I refer to this friendship. ... (p. 107)

  • J.
    2018-12-24 06:36

    Borges believes in intersecting continua; the dreamer who writes the story that is the dream of the writer who envisions the reality that is after all, only a dream. He believes that when writing or when dreaming we are simply functioning on different planes, and that 'real life' may be only the most useful, or most convincing of these at a given moment. He believes that somebody may have dreamed us. He believes a lot of things that cheerfully contradict each other, and has no problem with the faulty seams. Like a jump cut in the cinema or a blackout in the theater, transitions come in all shapes, sizes, flavors. So for the lecture on Nightmares in his Seven Nights series, he's very much on home ground. At a certain intersection, in fact...... I remember a certain nightmare I had. It took place, I know, on the Calle Serrano, I think at the corner of Serrano and Soler. It did not look like Serrano and Soler-- the landscape was quite different-- but I knew that I was on the old Calle Serrano in the Palermo district.I met a friend, a friend I do not know; I saw him, and he was much changed. I had never seen his face before but I knew his face could not be like that. He was much changed, and very sad. His face was marked by troubles, by illness, perhaps by guilt. He had his right hand inside his jacket. I couldn't see the hand, which he kept hidden over his heart. I embraced him and felt that I had to help him."But my poor Fulano, what has happened? How changed you are!""Yes," he answered, "I am much changed".Slowly, he withdrew his hand. I could see it was the claw of a bird.The strange thing is that from the beginning the man had his hand hidden. Without knowing it, I had paved the way for that invention ... A tantalizing look into the broadly conversational side, the obligingly entertaining lecturer, that JLB could be. If this were an obscure Lp recording, it might be Borges Unplugged. Despite appearances, there is actually very little pretense here, the man inhales literature as others take deep drags on cigarettes; the topics are complete and well constructed. 'A' may lead to 'B' and then directly over to eleventh-century Zoroastrian practice, but--- you are fairly well assured that somewhere or other, sooner or later -- you will be led home again. But all along the way, you are as a blind man being guided by another whose sight you can't really trust. Too often in the lofty realms of The Arts, some of the most admired turn out to be secretive and suspicious, steeped in their own myth and willing to say anything to carry on the image. Not the case, I have to think, with Borges. I really liked this; it's a rarity that a master of intellectual mesmerism lays down the wand to discuss how the rabbit is extracted from the top hat, and this is as close to that as we may get.... I had paved the way for that invention: that the man had the claw of a bird and that I would see the terrible change, the terrible misfortune, that he was turning into a bird. It also happens in dreams that are not nightmares: they ask us something, and we don't know how to answer; they give us the answer, and we are astonished. The answer may be absurd, but in the dream it is exactly right. Everything has been prepared. I have come to the conclusion, though it may not be scientific, that dreams are the most ancient aesthetic activity.

  • Miruna Caragheorgheopol
    2019-01-12 05:46

    After I first read short stories and fictions and got my head wrapped up in delicious intertextuality and puns and plays on words that I sadly don't understand completely since I am reading a translation and I don't speak or read Spanish (and in the case of the stories written together with Adolfo Bioy Casares, the very specific argot of Buenos Aires, Lunfardo), I tried to get further into his brain and there I was - a series of conferences he held on topics that range from poetry to his own blindness.The first thing that comes to mind is that Borges' love for literature was infectious. And not only love for literature, but love for languages and words as well (the comparative deconstruction of how "moon" is to "luna" is to "lua" is fascinating), and tidbits of nitpicky information. Secondly, the topic of his own blindness and how he related to the world around him is interesting as well, if not more. I particularly liked the chilling way in which he spoke about the absence of darkness in the "night", the lack of the colour black in his own blindness, and the relationship with the books, the library (and the notion of "library").To round it off, I must say that this book is mostly a show-off vehicle for Borges' erudition and interconnected ideas and concepts (a very well-deserved vehicle), and it is as delicious as his prose.

  • ArEzO.... Es
    2019-01-15 05:02

    قسمتی از مقدمه ی کتاب هفت شب با بورخس:(( هفت سخنرانی ی گرد آوردی شده در این مجلد را بورخس در تیاتروکولیسبوی بوئنوس آیرس، در فواصل بین ژوئن تا اوت 1977 ایراد کرده است... این سخنرانی ها به طور همه جانبه ای ضبط شدند و مدتی بعد به صورت نوارهای غیر مجاز به بازار آمدند، و به شکل مثله شده ای در ضمیمه ادبی یکی از روزنامه های بوئنوس آیرس به چاپ رسیدند. بعدها، بورخس طی دوره ای دو ساله، با همکاری بارتولومیو، نسخه ای از آن سخنرانی ها را برای چاپ مورد تصحیح همه جانبه قرار داد.))سخنرانی ها در هفت شب و هفت موضوع اند: کمدی الهی، کابوس ها، هزار و یک شب، آئین بودا، شعر، قباله، کوری.بورخس در باب تحلیل هر کدام از این موضوعات روش یکسانی را پیش می برد؛ تاریخچه ای مختصر، رجوع به افسانه ها و اسطوره ها، شرح موضوع در آثار ادبی و فلسفی و هنری، و نقد دیدگاه خالقان آن آثار درباره ی مطلب مورد بحث، چگونگی ی آشنایی ی یا برخورد خود با موضوع، تحلیل نام موضوع مورد بحث بر اساس زبان شناسی، و موارد متعددی که درباره ی هر موضوع کارکردی متفاوت پیدا می کند.نگاه بورخس به مباحث مورد پرداخت آن قدر جذاب و نوست که بعد از شروع به خواندن آن نمی توان کتاب را زمین گذاشت. به خصوص سخنرانی ی آخر که درباره ی نابینایی ی خود می گوید. تسلط کاملش بر موضوع و بیان کامل و رسایش، دنیایی برای مخاطب می آفریند تا تمامی ی آن چه را که گفته است درک کند.از این کتاب چه می توان گفت غیر این که کتابی ست از بورخس. و از بورخس چه می توان گفت غیر این که او بورخس است.

  • Md Estigoy
    2019-01-20 05:51

    In 1977, Jorge Luis Borges delivered a series of lectures for seven nights.The said lectures were then unofficially reproduced not until Borges serialized copies of them and produced this wonderful book. The lectures were about Divine Comedy, Dreams, A Thousand and One Nights, Kaballah, Buddhism, Blindness and Poetry. I am very much unfamiliar with Borges before I came across this compilation but after getting through with the rest of it made me think that there is a very great possibility that I may classify him as one of the best writer / poet / essayist that I have encountered. My personal favorite in the collection was the first, his lecture on Dante's Divine Comedy. There are times when you're reading something, something wonderful and you put it down for a little while and smile by yourself because what you've just read is something remarkable. Well, that's what I actually felt and what happened while I was reading it.

  • Arturo Rodriguez
    2019-01-03 04:34

    "Tengo la pesadilla del laberinto y esto se debe, en parte, a un grabado en acero que vi en un libro francés cuando era chico. En ese grabado estaban las siete maravillas del mundo y entre ellas el laberinto de Creta. El laberinto era un gran anfiteatro, un anfiteatro muy alto (y esto se veía porque era más alto que los cipreses y que los hombres a su alrededor). En ese edificio cerrado, ominosamente cerrado, había grietas. Yo creía (o creo ahora haber creído) cuando era chico, que si tuviera una lupa lo suficientemente fuerte podría ver, mirar por una de las grietas del grabado, al Minotauro en el terrible centro del laberinto."

  • Jigar Brahmbhatt
    2019-01-06 02:50

    Nice, comprehensive lectures from the grand-daddy of literature. I especially liked the pieces on Nightmares and Buddhism. What I found, which I seldom find even in books on psychology, is that the dreamer remembers not the dream but the memory of it. It is a very simple notion and I was delighted with how Borges handles it, calling a dream an ongoing work of fiction. That is not surprising from a man who even considered heaven as some sort of library. I truly wish I could attend one of his lectures, which are peppered with the customary Borgesian hyper-texual references and some curiously illuminating stories from the East. His personal piece on blindness managed to be erudite and touching at the same time. He referred to his blindness as "the gift of the night". I try to learn from his metaphors.

  • Harold
    2018-12-26 07:36

    Five stars is not enough for this. Reading lectures by Borges is sheer pleasure and this book of seven lectures is fascinating from the first word to the last. We get Borges talking on subjects such as blindness, The Arabian Nights, The Divine Comedy etc and there is never a dull moment.This would be a good starting point for people who have yet to read Borges. I started with his Fictions and then went to his Non Fictions but I could have started here with as much fascination.

  • Oli
    2019-01-03 06:50

    Reading this delightful short transcription of seven lectures feels like having a conversation with Borges. This is truly a man of the letters. It is delightful to learn about his fascination of Dante’s Commedia and Arabian nights. I particularly liked reading the lecture on Blindness, where Borges talks about his building fascination with first the English language and then Icelandic through the Sagas and Eddas. It is a short read and likely to be enjoyable to all lovers of literature.

  • Lalo
    2019-01-19 06:35

    7 noches, 7 conferencias de Borges. ¿Qué más se puede pedir?Me obligué a leer únicamente una conferencia por día para que durara más el gusto, y me queda claro que el nivel de erudición de Borges era simplemente colosal.Mi "noche" favorita o que más disfruté fue sin dudas la de las mil y una noches.