Read The Metaphysics of Morals (Texts in the History of Philosophy) by Immanuel Kant Mary J. Gregor Online


Kant's major work in applied moral philosophy deals with the basic principles of rights and of virtues. This edition is the only complete translation of the whole text, and includes extensive annotations on Kant's difficult and sometimes unfamiliar vocabulary....

Title : The Metaphysics of Morals (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
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ISBN : 9780521566735
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 280 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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The Metaphysics of Morals (Texts in the History of Philosophy) Reviews

  • Luís C.
    2019-05-23 02:27

    Any Kantian existence was dedicated to the Sovereign Good and his whole philosophy comes in: There is nowhere anything in the world, or even in general out of this, make it possible to think of that could be held without restriction good, except a good will. However, the issue of property should not be approached in a way that does not suit him. Defend, for example, the well through aesthetic or religious arguments, or worse, through a manipulative and deceptive argument can not possibly agree. It must be ensured to proceed honestly, to do the research for oneself first before presenting it as a free option to others.Saying this, on a metaphysical question of the way, even the most honest research could lead irresistibly to the human that makes dogmatism or skepticism, places where morality disappears, because skepticism does not believe and because dogmatism believes be in illusion. To avoid falling into one of these legal dead ends, so it is necessary to first establish clearly what are the openings and the limits of human reason to firmly establish a critical position that morality can be continued safely. To do this, Kant wrote his Critique of Pure Reason.Thereafter, without fear of falling into metaphysical raciocination, it should then finally be able to afford to address the issue that is closest to his heart: that of morality.So, in his Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals he seems content to deal only a few preliminary questions by exposing the analogon sense of what 'respect' and presenting various formulation of the categorical imperative, before attempting a deduction of freedom in part 3. And this is undoubtedly the failure of his deduction of the freedom that has retained some time to write his Metaphysics of Morals. Morality is indeed impossible if freedom is not present.But since the content of morality is made present to us through the categorical imperative, how is it that freedom, which must necessarily accompany it, can not be deducted? Is that the entire deduction up to the amoral world of logic and necessity, while freedom implies a jump in thinking or in existence. She escapes, in its essence to all needs and all causalities.This leap, Kant is not yet ready to assume in his writing when he produced his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. We can observe the emergence that jump, if we have the eye to this fact, in the early parts of his Critique of Practical Reason he wrote three years later.However, I do not want to abuse the patience of the people who have kindly read this little reflection which wants explanation on this very important piece of Kantian philosophy.The whole is a must read to anyone interested, for his own life or just curious, by moral principles or philosophy in general. And for others, it reads very well (for the Kantian reader) and it is a very wealthy (and good) thinking exercise.Lisbon Book-Fair 2016

  • Saleh MoonWalker
    2019-06-13 07:29

    Onvan : The Metaphysics of Morals (Texts in the History of Philosophy) - Nevisande : Immanuel Kant - ISBN : 521566738 - ISBN13 : 9780521566735 - Dar 276 Safhe - Saal e Chap : 1797

  • Brian Laliberte
    2019-05-26 06:49

    I had to read this twice so I could at least start to absorb everything. I will likely have to read it a few more times to get what's going on here. It seems most readers through the years don't immediately have a clue what Kant was talking about. The content is something that one needs to meditate on and mentally digest so I'm afraid it would be a bit premature to write a proper review at this time. However, I would reccomend this to anyone with an interest in philosophy, sociology or psychology. It's most certainly food for thought.

  • Álvaro GuilhermeAndrade Rocha
    2019-06-05 05:42

    Não acho que caiba escrever sobre as obras kantianas no Goodreads, pelo menos não em meu perfil. Portanto, deixarei a nota máxima para expressar o quão imperativo é a leitura do texto para quem se interessa em ética, moral e razão.

  • Joaquin Siabra-Fraile
    2019-05-18 09:28

    "Metafísica de las costumbres" ocupa en el sistema kantiano, respecto a la "Crítica de la Razón Práctica", el mismo lugar que los "Principios metafísicos de la ciencia de la naturaleza" respecto a la "Crítica de la Razón Pura" (para el Juicio no hay metafísica, sólo Crítica). Si la Crítica limitaba el alcance del ejercicio de la Razón, en su uso práctico, mediante el establecimiento de las condiciones de posibilidad de la acción libre, la Metafísica deduce los principios a priori de la legislación aplicable a la acción libre. Kant parte de la facultad de desear entendida como "la facultad de ser, por medio de sus representaciones, causa de los objetos de estas representaciones". La facultad de desear cuyo fundamento interno de determinación es la razón del sujeto es la voluntad. Esta voluntad admite una legislación racional mediante el imperativo categórico (legislación ética), como Kant había mostrado en la "Fundamentación de la Metafísica de las costumbres" y en la "Crítica de la Razón Práctica". Ahora bien, en la "Metafísica de las Costumbres" Kant estudia la legislación ética que puede ser exterior (atendiendo unicamente a la condición formal de la libertad: que la máxima de la acción sea universalizable sin contradicción), o sólamente interior (atendiendo a los fines que se propone la razón pura). La primera da lugar a la Doctrina del Derecho; la segunda, a la Doctrina de la Virtud. Ambas partes componen esta "Metafísica de las Costumbres".La dificultad de Kant no viene tanto de su estilo, de lo más claro y conciso del Idealismo alemán, como de ese carácter sistemático-arquitectónico que obliga a tener en cuenta el todo para comprender completamente la parte. Si bien, se nos dice, nosotros ya no somos tan modernos como para aceptar un modelo de Razón tan fuerte (y exigente) como el kantiano, para superarlo hay que conocerlo previamente. Y si alguien ha cumplido el ideal racional ilustrado de sistema, ése es Kant. Esta obra es de lectura obligada para entender no sólo la filosofía kantiana, sino lo que significa en general construir un sistema filosófico a gran escala.Por cierto, no deja de asombrar que por estos lares se le achaque a Kant ser "aburrido". Como si ahora fuese obligación del filósofo entretener. Para eso está el cine, señores.

  • Matt
    2019-06-06 08:36

    Morality and law are always a questionable mix. But Kant is not deterred. Emboldened by his firm categorical imperative, he examines basic legal principles through this hefty lens. The first half of the The Metaphysics of Morals seems to be the 18th Century’s version of Plato’s Laws. An analysis of what is law, what types of laws are there and what law should strive to be. Except, for Kant, it lacks the joyful meanderings of Plato.After the first half (titled the Doctrine of Right), Kant moves into the Doctrine of Virtue. Even he concedes in his Preface that: [t]oward the end of the book I have worked less thoroughly over certain sections than might be expected in comparison with the earlier ones, partly because it seems to me that they can be inferred from the earlier ones and partly, too, because the later sections (dealing with the public right) are currently subject to so much discussion, and still so important, that they can justify postponing a decisive judgment for some time. Pg. 6 Not a real strong foundation for what attempts to be a foundational work. Nevertheless, people who get into Kant surely appreciate the details he gets into regarding the difference between “wide” and “indeterminate” duties and his examination of specific duties. However, as I suspect he himself realized, it becomes somewhat absurd to spend too much time hashing out the details. If you can deduce the categorical imperative for an action, then it has the force of law. That’s because, at the core of Kant’s belief, God is at the core. As he concludes his Doctrine of Virtue, he finally reveals this key component: That is to say, we cannot very well make obligation (moral constraint) intuitive for ourselves without thereby thinking of another’s will, namely God’s (of which reason in giving universal laws is the only spokesman). Pg. 229 Couching belief in logic can only go so far.

  • Romi
    2019-05-31 03:46

    This book certainly has some interesting ideas and from time to time it does appeal to my own social/political ideas but all in all I feel the categorical imperative, and with it the entire theory, is not practical.For an ethical theory to be practical I feel it is essential that it is based on the real man and not the ideal man. The categorical imperative does this in part by accepting that people have certain desires they tend to follow but Kant seems to step over this issue rather easily without giving it a proper place in his theory. We are simply expected not to follow these desires and to let our reason lead us instead.Of course, in a way Kant does give this inclination a place in the Metaphysics of Morals by introducing obligation and punishment - with which he accepts the fact that people will not always obey the law voluntarily. But this is not part of the moral law. The moral law, The categorical imperative, asks us to do things that will often feel incompatible with our moral sense (giving a murderer directions to your children by his request).

  • Melissa
    2019-05-22 10:46

    I cannot imagine thinking as deeply as Kant and other philosophers did. I am glad though to have their works and to be able to challenge myself in not only reading but also in analyzing my own ethics. I like Kant's categorical imperative which suggests we do things for the good within the good itself. My husband is much better at this than I am. I can see the flaw in human nature for doing things because of the outcome - - what Kant refers to as the hypothetical imperative. I do, however, disagree with Kant in that you do need to look at the outcome if a greater good is a stake.

  • Nick
    2019-05-21 07:30

    Kant is the Nostradamus of philosophy. Many claim that Kant's works are filled with insights. Actually, Kant's works are nothing more than the products of a deranged mind. I have heard bums spew incomprehensible nonsense similar to the abstruse and ambiguous writings of Kant. Although "there is always some reason in madness," there is very little reason to be found in Kant's madness.The professional and arm-chair "philosophers" who extol the brilliance of Kant are fools.

  • Azeem Malik
    2019-06-04 08:41

    Part 1 - Doctrine of VirtuePart 2 - Doctrine of Right.. Subdivided in two further parts: 1. Public rights, 2. Private rightsKeep the structure in mind. Read and re-read, and maybe someday you'll get him. (I certainly don't fully appreciate him as of yet. Ha!)Credits: 4th year undergrad, majoring in philosophy and psychology

  • Alfred Yun
    2019-05-22 07:57

    For all those interested in ethics, Kant is a must read. This is Deontology. Immerse yourself in the writings of the quintessential philosopher. His writing is quite difficult but there are many sources out there to help you out!

  • Aliki
    2019-06-17 05:28

    δεν συμφωνω μαζι του και οπως λεει και ο ιδιος η φιλοσοφια του δεν ειναι για ολους.επρεπε να το διαβασω για μια εργασια που μου εδωσαν . δυσκολευτηκα πολυ γιατι τετοιου ειδους βιβλια εχω χρονια να διαβασω . τελος καλο ολα καλα περιμενουμε βαθμολολια τωρα

  • Tim Woody
    2019-05-27 10:28

    I Kant describe how tedious this book was. Sentences were often paragraphs long with circular themes. But I was also impressed and enjoyed the subject matter. Cliff notes should work for everyone, and unless you really want to dig in just stick with those.

  • нєνєℓ¢ανα
    2019-06-18 10:53

    Lucid, thought-provoking, insightful...

  • Daniel Toker
    2019-06-02 02:57

    I have to think about this one before I rate it. But what I can say for now: it made my brain hurt.

  • Daniel
    2019-06-12 04:47

    Quase que me fodeste, ainda mais, o secundário mas curto de ti.

  • Dominique
    2019-06-03 02:44

    i only remember part of it... but what i remember was rad.. and kind of mind boggling.

  • Jim
    2019-06-03 06:32

    As usual, when we're talking about Metaphysics or first things, I get a headache. Kant is becoming my favorite Philosopher, but I'm still struggling with these basics.

  • Shelli
    2019-05-19 02:29

    One of my favorite philosophers, hands down! Kant isn't easy to read, but he makes his case well.

  • Motaz Soliman
    2019-05-27 03:54

    واحد من أهم الكتب التي قرأتها في حياتي علىَ الإطلاق .. ..

  • Sam
    2019-06-03 07:57

    Clears up a lot of questions that went un-answered in the Groundwork...

  • Cassandralynn
    2019-05-20 09:30

    Kant is a genius. I am not sure I agree with his ideas but that does not change the fact they are well-built and creative.

  • Joshua Goller
    2019-05-28 03:33

    I used to love Kant, and then I realized that metaphysics is generally nonsense and now I don't want to read anything like this ever again.

  • Kristen
    2019-06-02 07:39

    The language is advanced. It is something you need to read several times to absorb full comprehension.