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The story of a scientific revolution that is dramatically altering the way we perceive and understand the world--from how ordinary people look at the eddies of a stream to how analysts discuss economic cycles. 8-page full-color insert and 37 black-and-white illustrations....

Title : Chaos: Making a New Science
Author :
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ISBN : 9780670811786
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 272 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

Chaos: Making a New Science Reviews

  • Riku Sayuj
    2019-05-16 22:11

    Chaos: The Tip of a Giant IcebergGleick only gives an introduction about the actual science and beauty of Chaos. Instead he focusses on giving a poetic account of the scientists who first stumbled on it -- and their great surprise and their struggles form the narrative crux of the book.While some may say this makes it a less informative book, for me this made it one of the most intriguing non-fiction books I have read. Gleick's way of telling the stories makes the reader share in the wonder and incredulity of each pioneer as he stumbled upon this hitherto unguessed truth of nature. Each stumbling step, each misguided attempt and every remonstration expected in such a new endeavor is traced out in loving detail and these scientists come alive as insecure dramers daring to step beyond the realms of the possible. Gleick makes heroes out of Mandelbrot Benoît and the others and weaves an otherworldly charm around their ideas. This made the book pure poetry for me.The amazing pictures and illustrations and the quotes accompanying each chapter all add to the feeling of reading an art text book rather than a science book. And this ultimately was the real achievement of Gleick in writing Chaos - He manages to convey to us that this is the first foray of science into the realm of art - not just of explaining art but of being art. But ultimately none of this is going to be the lasting impact of this book. The reading pleasure and the hero worship of these daredevils is transient after all. For me, the real impact is that it has changed the way I look at the ordinary everyday world - the leaves, the trees, the pebbles, the pattern on the peels of an orange - everything is strangely magnified and beautiful now. I see the poetry of constant motion and evolution everywhere and I can feel the science of Chaos intuitively as I take my long walks. I can see Strange Attractors and Fractals and unstable equilibriums in the most mundane places. And this is the greatest gift of the book.P.S. Don't miss out on the exhaustive endnotes. They are indispensable.

  • مــــــروة
    2019-05-03 20:49

    لم أبدأ الكتاب إلا بعد نصيحة من أحد مُراجعي الكتاب على الموقع، ينصح من ليس له باع في الرياضيات بألا يخاف من الإقدام على قراءته ويعده بالكثير من الحماس!حسناً، يمكنني القول أنني لم أفهم أكثر من نصف ما جاء في الكتاب، فالكتاب يعج بتجارب فيزيائية ومبادئ رياضية عجزت عن تصورها .. ربما بحكم بعد دراستي عن هذه الأمور "المرعبة"، ولكن نصيحة القارئ تحققت جزئياً، فقد أصبح لدي حماس كبير لمعرفة المزيد عن نظرية الفوضى سأبدأ بعيوب الكتاب، كانت هناك معلومات لا داع لها على الإطلاق، فماذا سأستفيد من معرفة مكان سكن العالم الفولاني في مدينة ما؟ وما الذي سيضيفه وصف هيئة عالم ما بالممتلئ؟ ربما رأى أن هذه المعلومات قد تكسر من حدة جفاف أسلوب الكتاب ولكنها في الواقع جاءت متكلفةكان هناك مشكلة في التبويب وشعرت بفوضى في طرح المعلومات، بدا وكأن الكاتب يريد أن يرينا مثالاً عملياً لنظرية الفوضى في كتابه توقعت أن أنتهي من الكتاب وقد فهمت ما هي نظرية الفوضى، ولكن الذي حدث أن الكتاب كان أشبه بــ "سيرة حياة" للنظرية أكثر منه إلى شرح واف للنظرية، كما علق أحد مُراجعي الكتاب على الموقعفقد تم ذكر الكثير عن نشأة النظرية والتحديات التي واجهها العلماء الذين تبنوها والتجارب التي قاموا بإجرائها والمؤتمرات التي حضروها، ولكن في النهاية وجدت القليل عن مفهوم النظرية وعلاقتها بالأمثلة التي ساقها أين الحماس إذن في خضم كل هذا؟بعد تنحية العديد من التفاصيل غير المفهومة في الكتاب، أعتقد أنني خرجت بموضوعين هامين:الأول عن إدوارد لورنزفي عام 1961 كان إدوارد لورنز عالم الأرصاد ذو الخلفية الفيزيائية يقوم بنموذج محاكاة لحالة الطقس وذلك بإدخال معطيات أولية لكمبيوتر بدائي، ليقوم الجهاز بإخراج رسوم بيانية تساعد على التنبؤ بحالة الطقس، في هذه المرة كان يعيد إدخال المعطيات الأولية لمرة ثانية، بعد فترة من عمل الجهاز عاد لورنز ليجد مفاجأة مدهشة، فعلى الرغم من أنه قام بإدخال المعطيات نفسها إلا أن الرسوم البيانية جاءت مختلفة عن ذي قبل، ظن لورنز أن هناك خطأ بالجهاز ولكنه فطن فيما بعد إلى أنه قام بإدخال أرقام تقريبية عن المرة الأولى ظناً منه أن الفرق الهين، ومقداره كسر من الألف، لن يصنع فارقاً.قرر لورنز إعادة التجربة مع نمطين متقاربين من الطقس (لا يختلفان سوى في فروق طفيفة في الأوضاع الأولية) فكانت هذه هي النتيجة ========في البداية كانا متطابقين، ثم ظهر فرق بسيط. مع الدورة التالية، ظهر فرق واضح. وبعد دورات تلاشى كل شبه بينهما.= = = = = ومن هنا جاء المصطلح الشهير: "أثر الفراشة" والذي اصطكه لورنز، هذا المثال يفترض أن حركة الهواء الذي تنتج عن تحرك جناحي الفراشة في مكان ما قادرة على أن تكون سبباً في إعصار في الناحية الأخرى من الكرة الأرضيةهذا المصطلح مجازي بالطبع، يُستخدم للتعبير عن مفهوم الاعتماد الحساس للحدث على الظروف الأولى المحيطة، قد يكون الحدث الأول بسيطا في حد ذاته، لكنه يولد سلسلة متتابعة من النتائج والتطورات المتتالية والتي يفوق حجمها بمراحل حدث البداية، وبشكل قد لا يتوقعه أحديمكن تقصي المفهوم نفسه في جوانب الحياة المختلفة، وعلى الفور وجدتني أتذكر ذلك الفيديو المأخوذ من فيلم: الحالة الغريبة لبنجامين بوتونmy link textفلو تغيرت أي من هذه المقدمات البسيطة تغيراً بسيطاً، لما قامت عربة التاكسي بدهس دايزي أما الموضوع الثاني فعن العالم بُنواه مانديلبروتأدخل مانديلبروت العلم الذي قام بإرسائه "هندسة الفركتال" على العديد من العلوم: الإقتصاد، البيئة، الأحياء وغيرهاوكانت بداية عالم الرياضيات مع أسعار القطن، وبدا اكتشافه مذهلاً "If you graph the history of cotton prices for all the years over the 140+ years of record-keeping, and then graph the prices for any period of time–one year, one decade, one week–during that period, the graphs will display the same pattern!" ـ Mandelbrot= = = = =نمط معين يتكرر على نحو مغاير، البساطة والتعقيد في آن واحد، النظام واللانظام .. هذه هي هندسة الفركتال وفي الطبيعة من حولنا نجد "هندسة التكرار المتغير" واضحة للعيان في ورق الأشجار وفي أشكال الخضروفي ندف الثلجوفي تفريعات أوعيتنا الدمويةوفي سنا البرقوهكذا نجد أن هندسة التكرار المتغير تمثل هندسة الطبيعة نفسها، إنها أشبه بالبصمة التي تطالعنا في كل ما حولنا، بصمة الخالق لهذا الكونما علاقة هذه الحقائق بنظرية الفوضى؟ هذا هو اجتهادي الشخصي: في مثال ندف الثلج، يصعُب التنبؤ بشكل كل حبة ثلج والتي تعتمد على أسباب أولية يؤدي التغير البسيط في إحداها إلى تغيُر الشكل نهائياً (على الرغم من أن طريقة التكوين واحدة)، في الوقت نفسه، عند تراكم ذرات الثلج، تتكون تفاصيل ندف الثلج على نمط تكراري متغير فتبدو على هذا الشكل الساحر.تبدو هناك علاقة "خفية" أشعر بها ولكن لا أستوعبهاولكن من المؤكد أن هذه المعلومات تفتح باباً للتأمل في هذا الكون بنظرة جديدة بدلاً من النظرة الإعتيادية لما حولناوتوضح كيف أن ثورة علمية تتطلب ألا يُلزِم الأكادميون أنفسهم بحدود تخصاصتهم، كما فعل عالم الرياضيات مانديلبروت الذي بدأ بتأمل رسم بياني عن أسعار القطن لينتهي بعلم الفراكتال الذي يدخل في كل ما حولنا

  • Darwin8u
    2019-05-04 03:02

    "The future is disorder."― Tom Stoppard, Arcadia “The unpredictable and the predetermined unfold together to make everything the way it is.”― Tom Stoppard, ArcadiaHalf of what draws me to physics, to theory, to Feynman and Fermat, to Wittgenstein and Weber, is the energy that boils beyond the theory. The force living just beyond the push. I'm not alone. Many of my favorite authors (Cormac McCarthy, Thomas Pynchon, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) and musicians (Mahler, Beethoven, etc) all dance around this same wicked fire. This burn of the natural world, this magic of the unknown, is what draws me to read physics and philosophy as an absolute amature. There are pieces and fractures in these books that actually DON'T escape me. They hit my brain and spin and keep spinning forever. I imagine this is something felt also by Gleick, one of the top tier science writers out there. My big grievance with this book is it falls too short. His narrative is compelling, yes, the stories are interesting, sure, but he doesn't grab the central characters as well as a new journalist like John McPhee does. He floats too far above the actual science and complexity. He shows you pictures and dances around the pools of chaos and clouds of complexity, but never actually puts the reader INTO the churning water or shoots the reader into energized, cumuliform heaps. This is a book for an advanced HS senior or an average college Freshman. It is pop-science and definitely has its place. This is a book that is more about translating the story of the science (not the science) for NOT the layman, but really the lazy layman. That is probably one of the reasons it did so well. Anyway, I'm glad I read it, but just wish it was deeper, thicker, and way less predictable.

  • Hadrian
    2019-05-14 04:06

    A series of extremely interesting and well-written biographies and anecdotes which don't really explain directly what chaos theory really is. No equations and lots of graphs, but that's just to make sure the general public isn't scared away.Still, Gleick conveys the 'appeal' of chaos theory, or at least what people think it is about. In a complex system, the most minuscule change in initial conditions leads to drastic or unpredictable changes in the output. It is important not just in physics or mathematics, but astronomy, climatology, biology, even economics. Even if we can find a mathematical model behind the behavior of these complex systems, we cannot necessarily predict them. That's chaos theory.

  • Lis Carey
    2019-05-21 03:53

    This book, over two decades old now, is one of the great classics of science popularization. It was a blockbuster bestseller at the time, and it's still well worth reading, a fascinating, enjoyable introduction to one of the most important scientific developments of our time--the birth of chaos theory.One of the compelling features of the chaos story is that this scientific breakthrough wasn't a physics, mathematics, chemistry, astronomy, or biology breakthrough; it was all of them. A mathematician turned meteorologist, Edward Lorenz, builds a "toy weather" on what's still a fairly early computer in the early 1960s, and in working with the parameters, concludes that long-term weather forecasting is doomed--a simple deterministic system is producing unpredictable results. Mitchell Feigenbaum, a theoretical physicist at Los Alamos in the early seventies, and two other scientists working together independently of him, are working on the problem of turbulence and.discover that it doesn't, as anticipated, build up gradually in an orderly manner. Reach the tipping point, and there it is.Beloit Mandelbrot, an IBM mathematician working with an equation that produces fractals, arrives to give a presentation to an economics class and finds "his" equation already on the board; the patterns he's found in pure path also apply in economics, the reproductive rates and numbers of animal populations, and countless other places.In each field, also, the initial work was most often either resisted or ignored. Precisely because chaos was popping up all over, with just a few people in each of many different scientific fields, it was easy for scientists in any field to notice a paper or presentation, note the fact that is was completely different from the methods, logic, math that had relevance for their own work, that much of the work was in fact being done in other fields--and dismiss it. For new doctoral students, there were no mentors in chaos theory, no jobs, no journals devoted to chaos theory. It completely upended ideas about how the natural world worked. It was heady, exciting--and much harder to explain than to demonstrate. Much of what the first generation of chaos scientists did is incredibly easy to demonstrate with a laptop computer today--but most of these chaos pioneers were working with handheld calculators, mainframe computers with dump terminals and limited and unreliable access for something so peripheral to the institution's perceived mission, computers whose only output device was a plotter.Gleick very effectively conveys the science, the excitement the early scientists working on it felt, and the challenges that faced them.Highly recommended.

  • Trevor
    2019-05-21 05:01

    I did study a bit of Physics in a past life, but you don't need to have a background in science to get something out of this book. It sounds terribly difficult, but really it isn't. This book gives a wonderful explanation of the Butterfly Effect - one of those ideas in science that everyone thinks they know and understands, but that generally people have upside down and back to front.I really do like popular science books, particularly if they are well written, relatively easy to follow and don't leave me feeling like I've been looking over an abyss for hours. Gleick never makes you feel this and takes you through some very difficult concepts with care and assurance. A wonderful guide through what would ordinarily be a very difficult and frightening landscape.

  • Ian19
    2019-04-26 00:53

    ReadingChaoswill teach you that the world is neatandmessy, predictable and unpredictable. The way you see it depends on how you look at it. For instance, the discussion of fractals will show you that there can be infinite space within a finite area. So, while you know when you reach into a box of chocolates that you're going to get chocolate, you still have no idea exactly what you're going to get: There is infinite "space" for possibilities within the finite categorical "area" of chocolates, not to mention the finite volume of the box.Like Gleick's more recent book, The Information,Chaosoffers as much insight into how scientific theories develop as insight into the theories themselves. My favorite moments in the book are the ones when Gleick discusses the personal and intellectual challenges faced by scientists who struggled to find meaningful ideas to express about phenomena that had been dismissed by generations of brilliant minds as meaningless "noise."My only criticism is that the book is longer than it needed to be. As fascinating as the material is (most of it, anyway), the typical reader will get tired of it when he or she still has 80 pages left to go.

  • hayatem
    2019-05-13 21:13

    ( نظرية الكايوس أو الشواش)-تعد أحد أهم الثورات العلمية في القرن العشرين والعلم الحديث.اذ تعتبر ثالث أهم نظرية بعد النسبية لآينشتاين والنظرية الكمومية( ميكانيكا الكم). ‏اشتهرت النظرية باسم «أثر جناح الفراشة» الذي راج أولاً في أوساط خبراء الطقس- و تقول أن رفة جناح فراشة فوق بيجينغ تستطيع أن تغير نظام العواصف فوق نيويورك. وحسب المؤلف تعود أصول هذه النظرية لأعمال فكرية عدة في تاريخ العلم والثقافة . غيرت النظرية الكثير في الأسس الفكرية والمنهجية التقليدية المتبعة، فهي تدحض مزاعم الحتمية والمحكم في العلم.‏فكان لها أثر كبير في تطور الفيزياء النظرية، وكذا الرياضيات كما أثرت وألهمت الأدب.تحاول هذه النظرية الوصول إلى المسارات الخفية من الشيء الظاهر( النظام الخفي ) وما تنطوي عليه من غموض، للتعرف على أسراره وآلياته في تشكيل النظام والثبات الظاهر للعيان لوضع قواعد وأسس لدراسته . تقول هذه النظرية بأن جميع الأشياء من حولنا" الظواهر المعقدة في الحياة اليومية" بمافيها الإنسان تشكل" نوع من النظام من دون نسق دوري." بمعنى آخر؛ النظم الحية تتغير باستمرار.فإن ما يبدو بسيطاً للعين كمدرك ينطوي على تعقيد وتشويش واهتزاز في باطنه.‏إذاً نخلص من هذه النظرية بأن الواقع والحياة كنظام ديناميكي معقد ماهو إلا "توازن دقيق بين قوى الاستقرار والفوضى ."نظرية الفوضى نظرية لكل العلوم. منحت الإنسان نظرة ورؤى مختلفة للعالم والأشياء من حوله.

  • Jim
    2019-05-12 03:06

    When reading science books, it's difficult to know whether what you're reading is current or not. Gleick's book was first published in 1987, so I imagine by now there have been many developments and modifications to the ideas and theories presented here. That being said, this felt like a good introduction to the early history of scientists' efforts to understand and explain nonlinear systems and the apparent chaotic behavior observed in natural and man-made systems.If you haven't studied science or mathematics beyond the basics taught in U.S. high schools, this book will be a challenge, but if you have an understanding of equations, geometry, and scientific research methods, you should be able to understand everything Gleick discusses here.I enjoyed this investigation of the order underlying what we perceive as disorder, especially fractals. If I had the time, I'd like to run the calculations myself, as they seem within the reach of anyone with a laptop. Maybe this summer....

  • HBalikov
    2019-05-21 00:01

    The greatest discoveries of the 20th Century physics include Relativity Theory, Quantum Theory and Chaos Theory. Of the three, the only one that we can see and play with is chaos. From the flight patterns of flocks of birds, to heart arrhythmia, to stock market fluctuation to the coast of Alaska, the underlying patterns can be revealed in this wonderful branch of science. There are newer books on the subject but none better for us lay people.

  • Pavle
    2019-05-12 00:01

    Sve je to vrlo interesantno, umešno napisano i razborito objašnjeno, ali je i dalje tek za lestvicu iznad laičkog poznavanja teme. Funkcioniše kao uvod i zanimljiva istorija, kao upoznavanje sa nelinearnom dinamikom, ali ne mnogo više od toga.4

  • Jonathan Chuang
    2019-04-29 00:13

    I found it quite informative, especially in communicating what it would perhaps be like working in science at an exciting time. However there were many sections that bored me and aperiodic jumps in his focus that left me lost a bit. All in all I can say I have a better grasp of what chaos is all about... but on a bit of reflection... well, no, not really. A good history I guess, I'm now all fired up to read textbooks on this stuff (:

  • Donna Woodwell
    2019-05-04 21:12

    This book came out in the late 80s, and I've crossed paths with it several times without reading it. I remember talking about it while eating dinner one day in the cafeteria with my physics teacher and some friends from class. And my ex-husband had it on his shelf and I never got around to reading it. I finally picked up my own copy a couple weeks ago. Gleick is a fabulous writer. Though a popular science book can only gloss a highly technical subject, Gleick does it well. But I found this book even more engaging for the narrative tale of a moment in history -- a virtual paradigm shift in mathematical thought -- that happened in our lifetimes. It's a case study in political factions and egos, sometimes cooperation and always wonder at seeing the world in a new way.

  • Jeff HansPetersen
    2019-05-16 03:51

    I finally read the book that ought to have been required reading for freshman physics majors for the past 20 years! The other day when the radio announcer reported the length of the Florida coastline, I found myself wondering what length measuring stick was used. It is interesting to contemplate how much of the themes of this book have migrated into the modern cultural consciousness. Then, you may wind up contemplating how much of that migration was due to Jeff Goldblum's ham-fisted illustrations in "Jurassic Park".

  • Kaethe
    2019-05-03 23:07

    The kind of book that just blows your mind with how cool it all is, and why doesn't anyone teach science like THIS. Because of this book, and the many delights that have followed, I am a lover of popular science writing. And also, I've learned way more than I ever did in school.

  • Victoire
    2019-05-15 23:56

    Awesome predictability of unpredictability, namely sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Wonderful bifurcations and pretty things abound... it'll make you realise why we'll never understand everything.

  • Ami Iida
    2019-05-04 23:55

    This document is a basic book on chaos fractal theory.  I prefer both text and its Illustrated.

  • Ryan
    2019-05-24 03:09

    Chaos, the concept, is often explained in terms of a butterfly flapping its wings in one part of the world, which tips some indescribable balance, leading to rain falling in another part of the world. It's an overworn cliche by now, but one that still gets to the heart of a quality of nature that scientists and mathematicians prior to the 20th century didn't really grasp. It was hardly their fault. Living in the age of slide rules and tables (or before), they can't really be blamed for focusing on phenomena that were predictable, linear, and led to stable outcomes, and ignoring those that seemed too noisy, erratic, and error-prone to be represented with an equation.Yet, as the age of computers dawned, it became clear that the "noise" in many natural systems wasn't error at all, but held its own elusive underlying order. The feedback loops in these systems would magnify initial discrepancies over time, but they would also perform a sort of self-correction, giving rise to repeated patterns and patterns-within-patterns -- similar, like the shape of clouds, but never exactly the same. It's now apparent that this complex dance between coherence and instability, between the macroscopic and the microscopic, drives many of nature's most interesting phenomena, from the branching of blood vessels into smaller ones, to how particles of smoke curl around each other, to the way a snowflake's shape reflects its journey through the atmosphere. Human consciousness itself seems to be an example of a chaotic, endlessly self-referential system.Chaos, the book, though written in 1987, still does an excellent job of connecting the discoveries that opened the door to Chaos Theory. Gleick introduces us to figures like Edward Lorenz, whose work in weather prediction revealed that tiny differences in input in even simple mathematical models could lead to vast differences in output over time; Robert May, who discovered chaotic patterns in population dynamics; and Benoit Mandelbrot, now considered the father of fractals. Along the way, he touches on fundamental concepts like strange attractors, fractal dimension, bifurcation, complex boundaries, and the Mandlebrot set (whose astonishing visual representation you've seen if you’ve set foot in a poster shop in the last 25 years).This is one of those books I'd recommend to people who already have some familiarity with the topic. While its purpose is introductory and there's little math, per se, I think the underlying profundities will be more obvious to readers who have taken a college-level math course or two or three. That disclaimer aside, I found Gleick's writing articulate, and seldom had much trouble visualizing what he was talking about, even listening to the audiobook. It's worth having the print edition on hand for the pictures and diagrams, but if you don't, the internet should suffice.Despite being 25 years old, Chaos remains an invigorating read, offering a sense of discoveries and inventions yet to be made, and demonstrating that separate fields like physics, chemistry, biology, information theory, computing, cognitive science, climatology, and economics aren't as separate as we might think. As bonus, a 2000s-era afterward in the audiobook provides a brief update of progress in some areas since the book's original publication, and some thoughts on its cultural impact.

  • Dalal Alkhelb
    2019-05-10 04:01

    كتاب يحتوي الكثير من المعلومات ، الدهشة ، والأسئلة !

  • Steven Williams
    2019-04-28 21:12

    When I first read this book back in what I think was 1992, I would have rated it 5 stars, but now if I would reread it, which I do not plan on doing, I would give it only 4 stars because of the lack critical analysis. Not because he gave bad information, but because chaos is a lot more difficult to prove in any particular case, especially outside of the physical sciences, which he does not reveal. This could have been because back when it was written a lot of researchers assumed the applicability of chaos theory to any thing that smelled of it. It takes experimental evidence to show that chaos theory fits the particular phenomenon under study.I did lift the Mandelbrot set equation from the book, and went on to developed a computer program which produce fractal art with it. Some of the images were actually shown in juried art shows.

  • Sookie
    2019-05-25 01:07

    A great introduction to new readers of the subject. If one is keeping up with physics for last decade or so, the content of Chaos doesn't offer anything new. With the introduction to chaos theory, Gleick gives a wide variety of historical anecdotes involving various scientists across borders and scientific disciplines who have observed the phenomenon but haven't been able to nail it. Chaos brings these stories together and puts them under an umbrella. The narration becomes easier to follow and the scientific disciplines converge.

  • Nader
    2019-05-13 21:13

    كتاب رائع، رغم ان المترجم بذل مجهودا ضخما في الترجمة الا انها كانت صعبة الفهم في كثير من الاحيان واضطررت للرجوع لمصادر اخرى. تشككت كثيرا اثناء القراءة في كون هذه النظرية علما اصلا وليس مجرد خرافات ولكن اتضح انه علم قائم بالفعل ونحن في غيبة عنه.

  • Davide Nole
    2019-05-15 01:54

    Recensionehttps://youtu.be/bhsTXyzDUNM

  • Taoufiq Hebboul
    2019-04-27 04:08

    رائعة(وَمَا أُوتِيتُمْ مِنْ الْعِلْمِ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً) أظنها الجملة المناسبة لوصف هذا للكتاب

  • Huyen
    2019-05-24 00:52

    in the spirit of chaos, JG writes this strangely attractive book in an unpredictably aperiodically chaotic fashion, I never understand the messy structure of this book. sometimes he follows through the development of an idea very thoroughly, sometimes he randomly introduces something and then moves on to another guy who seems to be totally unrelated to the previous guy. There's not enough math for my liking and too much rambling about the scientists rather than what they actually did. Although I still like this one a lot, I think I've read better books on chaos theory. Chaos theory started with Poincare's investigation into the three-body problem when he realized that no exact formula exists beyond Newton's differential equations for making predictions of the three body problem. Not much was taken up from there till the 1970s, when the computer revolutionized this new field of mathematics, allowing mathematicians to do complex iterative calculations and do experiments. chaotic dynamics started to emerge everywhere, in fluid mechanics, population biology, climatology, theoretical physics, astronomy and even economics. Non-linearity can no longer be ignored. This might well be another revolution in science, like quantum mechanics and relativity half a century earlier. It's difficult to summarize this book, but some remarkable and thought-provoking statements to take away: "An almost-intransitive system displays one sort of average behavior for a very long time, fluctuating within certain bounds. Then,for no reason whatsoever,it shifts into a different sort of behavior, still fluctuating but producing a different average. [In climate models:], to explain large changes in climate, they look for external causes-changes in the earth's orbit around the sun, for example. Yet it takes no great imagination for a climatologist to see that almost-intransitivity might well explain why the earth's climate has drifted in and out of long Ice Ages at mysterious, irregular intervals. The Ice Ages may simply be a byproduct of chaos.""The phenomenon of chaos struck me as an operational way to define free will, in a way that allowed you to reconcile free will with determinism. The system is deterministic, but you can't say what it's going to do next. The spontaneous emergence of self-organization ought to be part of physics. (quote Doyne Farmer)"Any object can be tiled by a fractal shape. "Fractal shapes, though properly viewed as the outcome of a deterministic process, had a second, equally valid existence as the limit of a random process.Nature must be playing its own version of the chaos game. The Mandelbrot set obeys an extraordinarily precise scheme leaving nothing to chance whatsoever. I strongly suspect that the day somebody actually figures out how the brain is organized they will discover to their amazement that there is a coding scheme for building the brain which is of extraordinary precision. The idea of randomness in biology is just reflex. (Quote John Hubbard)"Many other scientists began to apply the formalisms of chaos to research in artificial intelligence. The dynamics of systems wandering between basins of attraction appealed to those looking for a way to model symbols and memories. Their fractal structure offered the kind of infinitely self-referential quality that seems so central to the mind's ability to bloom with ideas, decisions, emotions, and all the other artifacts of consciousness. With or without chaos, serious cognitive scientists can no longer model the mind as a static structure. They recognize a hierarchy of scales, from neuron upward, providing an opportunity for the interplay of microscale and macroscale so characteristic of fluid turbulence and other dynamical systems."and his brilliant joke"Theorists conduct experiments with their brains. Experimenters have to use their hands, too. Theorists are thinkers, experimenters are craftsmen. the theorist needs no accomplice. The experimenter has to muster graduate students, cajole machinists, flatter lab assistants. The theorist operates in a pristine place free of noise, of vibration and dirt. The experimenter develops an intimacy with matter as a sculptor does with clay, battling it, shaping it and engaging it. The theorist invents his companions, as a naive Romeo imagined his ideal Juliet. The experimenter's lovers sweat, complain and fart."

  • Nothing ...
    2019-05-23 01:50

    الحمد لله انتهيت الان من كتاب نظريهالفوضى .. من البداية كان الكتاب جدا صعب علي في قراءته وفي فهم محتواه ..كنت اتجنب قراءته من الفنيه الى الاخرى لكنني اراني لا اراديا اتصفحه لفهم هذي النظريه.. وكيف اثبتت اشياء وكيف استفاد العلماء من هذه النظرية وكيف نشأت اساسا..قبل قراءتي للكتاب قرأت عنه اسئله محيرة ومشوقه في نفس الوقت تصيب الانسان بالفضول كما اصابتني بالذهول الشديد والصدمة وعدم التصديق من البداية وهي تأثير جناح فراشه تطير بسلام في الصين .. ممكن ان يُسبب زلزالا مدمرًا بأمريكا..!تأثير ضرب مسمار بالحائط او الارض .. يصل مداه الى اقصى نقطه بالكون .. وبالتأكيد يتلاشى جزئيا..كلما صعد !لماذا لايمكن بعد كل هذا العلم الكثير المكتشف والنظريات المثبته .. والتجارب العلميه ان نتوقع درجات الحراره على المدى البعيد او القريب..! كل شيء يتأثر بكل شيء !.. كل شيء صغير جدا تافه .. يؤثر بأكبر الاشياء بالوجود.. كيف لحذوة حصان ان تسبب في خسارة امبروطوريه كامله ..بسبب مسمار فقد حذوة الحصاان وبسبب ذالك سقط الفارس من الحصان .. وبسبب سقوط الفارس قتل .. وهاكذا الى ان سقطت المعركة وهزمت الامبروطورية !! هنالك الكثير من الاسئله حقيقه التي اثرت وارغمتني على قراءه الكتاب وانهاءه في اسرع فرصه لكي اغذي واشبع فضولي.. بدء الكتاب من مقدمته بكيفية نشوء نظريه الكايوس او الفوضى..وكيف فكر علماء مختلفين في اماكن مختلفه..في العالم في الكايوس... وكتبوا بحثوا ولاحظوا تغيرات تم اجراءها على الكمبيوتر معروفه نتائجها لكن لم تأتي النتائج مثلما توقعوها ..وكيف لاقت الفوضى من استحقار العلماء وعدم دعمهم من البداية في هذه النظريه التي تطلب وتركز على االمعادلات اللاخطية ! بعدما كان العلماء الفيزياء يعتدمون اعتماد كليا على المعادلات الخطيه فقط..ثم يستطرد الكاتب كيف ساعد الكايوس العلماء والباحثين والفيزيائين وعلماء الطقش .. والاطباء في ابحاثهم وعلومهم شتى..بل كيف ادى ذالك على دراسه اوقات الامراض والاصابه والعدوى بها .. وكيف يضخ القلب الدم وكيف يتوقف فجأه واسباب الاصابه بالجلطات .. وكيف يمكن تفاديها وكيف يمكن صناعه قلب صناعي او صمامات صناعيهاو حتى كيف يمكن دراسه الدماغ ذالك الجزء الاصعب والاضخم والغير مفهوم .. بشكل افضل

  • Gayle
    2019-05-14 21:00

    Although I truly enjoy the way James Gleick can take a complicated subject apart for the inexpert, I did not enjoy this book as much as I did The Information. I caught myself skipping, counting pages to the end of the chapter, even yawning and dropping off. Not a good sign for me. Some chapters had me on the edge of my seat, or thinking "Ah ha! That's how that works." The overall sense that chaos has a sometimes deeply hidden pattern (that applies to all things) is interesting, but I didn't need to be told that over and over.It is obvious that Mr. Gleick enjoys the subjects that he writes about and it is difficult to not become affected with his enthusiasm. However, in Chaos, his excitement about the subject, tends to cause him to wander, attempting to get every single detail in that he can. When the first sentence of a chapter tells you that so-and-so showed up at the front door of someone's lab, I like to know who that person is and why he might be there fairly quickly, not 10 pages later. By that time I'm rereading pages thinking I must have missed who this person is and why he's standing at the door of someone's lab. I've also forgotten whose lab! Overall, I did enjoy the book and will probably watch for more by this author. ButThe Information is my favorite so far.

  • Brad Lyerla
    2019-04-28 21:11

    I enjoyed this quick read, though in the end I did not like CHAOS very much. It is a breezy history of two decades of mostly disconnected work done by a number of different researchers in widely divergent areas of science. In an apparent coincidence, a small number of unrelated people became interested in studying aperiodic, non-linear problems arising in various fields of science all at roughly the same time. Their research had not advanced very far by the time this book was written in the mid-80s. CHAOS was probably a little premature. It came too early which is reflected in the imprecision and shallow quality of Gleick's discussion, which can be frustratingly confusing at times. In any event, there is no reason to read it now. It is out of date. I picked it up now, only because it has been on my shelf forever and I have long meant to read it. It was very successful with a general audience back when it was new.

  • Trav
    2019-04-30 04:11

    More a biography of an idea than an explanation of a theory.Gleick's examination of the emergence of chaos theory is well written, and relatively easy to read (relative when one compares it to the technical and academic articles on the subject upon which he draws). However, his focus is not so much on explaining the theory of chaos than on telling the story of chaos's transition from the fringe to the mainstream. In this, his work is an excellent complement to Kuhn's work on the The Structure of Scientific Revolutions upon which he draws heavily.Though I would not call the book "exhilarating," as the reviewer from the London Review of Books apparently thought it was, but it was a useful introduction to the subject pitched at the mathematically aware non-scientist reader. You could not put the book down believing you now understand chaos theory, but you should have a better idea of its relevance, basic tenets, and, most importantly, where to look for a more focused examination.

  • InaOkami
    2019-05-01 21:07

    عندما بدأت الكتاب كنت متحمسة وتوقعت أن يتناول الكتاب علم الفوضى أو النظام اللا منتظم ويسهب في شرح نظريات مشوقه مثل تأثير الفراشة والهندسة التكرارية والأبعاد فوق الثالثلكن كل ما تضمنته هو إسهاب في تاريخ دراسة هذه الظواهر وسلسلة العلماء الذين تبحروا فيها وكرسوا وقتهم وجهدهم لدراستها والرفض الذي لاقته نظرية الفوضى في بداياتها وصراع المفكرين لإثبات أن علم الفوضى أو الكايوس علم دقيق يستحق الدراسةبينما تلخص الحديث الفعلي والشرح للنظريات قرابة عشرين في المئة فقط من الكتلة الكلية لمحتوى الكتابفقط.. مجرد تاريخ دراسة النظرية وليس شرحاً أو حديثاً عن النظرية ذاتها. خابت آمالي كثيراًفما كنت أريد للكتاب أن يقدمه لي هو أجوبة ومعطيات تشفي الفضول نحو هذا العلم المتشعب والغامض وليس مغامرات العالم لورنس الذي ابتكر جهاز حاسوب لحساب تقلبات الطقس وغيره من العلماء الذين ذكرهم الكتاب.من المعضلات القليلة التي تم الاسهاب نوعاً ما في شرحها هي البقعة الحمراء للمشتري ونظراً لأنها أصلاً لغز لم يتمكشفه بعد فقد تناول الكتاب مجرد مجموعة من النظريات التي وضعت لتفسير الظاهرة ولم يتم حتى ترشيح أي منهالتكون أقرب إلى الصواب من الأخريات لا بالتوقع والاستنباط ولا بالأدلة.