Read O Alienista by Machado de Assis Online


A sarcastic criticism of the science of its day, O Alientista tells the story of psychiatrist Simão Bacamarte, who convinces the town of Itaguaí to pay for an assylum, and begins to fill it with residents he believes insane. While the assylum at first has a few patients, it grows quickly until, after a revolt by many in the town is fought off, it includes 4/5ths of the towA sarcastic criticism of the science of its day, O Alientista tells the story of psychiatrist Simão Bacamarte, who convinces the town of Itaguaí to pay for an assylum, and begins to fill it with residents he believes insane. While the assylum at first has a few patients, it grows quickly until, after a revolt by many in the town is fought off, it includes 4/5ths of the town! Realizing something is wrong, Bacamarte releases those committed saying that those committed are infact normal. Instead, he concludes, the insane are those who are considered normal or exemplary. Then his friends convince him that he is, in fact, exemplary......

Title : O Alienista
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 9780850515060
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 56 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

O Alienista Reviews

  • karen
    2019-01-22 17:50

    ah, machado.he just never fails.this is just a short little work, part of melville house's wonderful "art of the novella" series, but it is machado, so you know it is going to be wholly satisfying, despite being only 86 pages.this one is about... madness. and how you don't want one person in charge of determining who is crazy and who is not. especially not this man:In his fortieth year Bacamarte married the widow of a circuit judge. Her name was Dona Evarista da Costa e Mascarenhas, and she was neither beautiful nor charming. One of his uncles, an outspoken man, asked him why he had not selected a more attractive woman. The doctor replied that Dona Evarista enjoyed perfect digestion, excellent eyesight, and normal blood pressure; she had had no serious illnesses and her urinalysis was negative. It was likely she would give him healthy, robust children. If, in addition to her physiological accomplishments, Dona Evarista possessed a face composed of features neither individually pretty nor mutually compatible, he thanked God for it, for he would not be tempted to sacrifice his scientific pursuits for the contemplation of his wife's attractions.because any man who is that clinical and impassive, that removed from ordinary human sentiment, is not the person i want telling me what sanity is. and by the end, you will be wishing he had just married a hotter wife. this is a man who needs distractions.alas, instead of enjoying marital bliss with a fascinating woman, bacamarte instead sets out to single-mindedly diagnose the citizens of itaguai with their heretofore unrecognized mental disorders, and to open the first asylum in brazil. he has a huge madhouse, and many rooms to fill.and fill it he shall, using the "i don't know what it is, but i know it when i see it" argument.machado wrote this in 1881, and the field of psychotherapy still had a ways to go, and i swear this man had some robert johnson thing going on, because his prescience, in all of his works, is so keen. he feels so damn modern, it thrills his hands, this becomes darkly absurd, and for a tiny little work, there are several reversals and more plot than you would expect, more plot than many authors could have be clear,this book is not about capital-e evil, it is not about taking advantage of position and influence. it is about misguidedness, pure and simple. so it is a more nuanced work than one that is just "this man is abusing his power." when you think of machado's contemporaries like dickens or wilkie collins, and how polarized their good/evil characters are, machado's psychological insights are even more impressive. thomas hardy was probably the only person writing at the same time who wrote emotional and moral ambiguity as well as machado. and you know how i feel about him.definitely read machado. i plan on doing some re-reading of him this year myself, and reading some of the ones i have not yet gotten to.

  • s.p
    2019-02-15 16:37

    ‘Till now, madness has been thought a small island in an ocean of sanity. I am beginning to suspect that it is not an island at all but a continent.’Each of us are wired differently and set forth out into the world with our own baggage of experiences and perspectives, our own unique defects and demons, to interact with one another. Celebrated Brazilian author Machado de Assis’ 1882 novella The Alienist investigates the lines where normality and quirkiness tip over into the category of madness, exposing how each of us are mad in our own ways. Famous physician Simão Bacamarte causes quite a stir when he opens up his asylum, the Green House, in his tiny hometown of Itaguai, Brazil. ‘The idea of having madmen live together in the same house seemed itself to be a symptom of madness.’ However, the local government gives him full control and financially backs him, thus beginning his process of selecting any townspeople he wants to place in his own custody for psychological evaluation. Constructed as an exposé of the fictional history surrounding a town being rounded up by the head of the local asylum, Machado de Assis explores the roles of a scientific community and it’s interaction with politics as well as examines the human consciousness. Brilliantly succinct and engaging, The Alienist takes a comical satiric aim at psychology and revolution while managing to remain as poignant and feel as modern as it did when first published over a century ago.Bacamarte is a clear representative of no-nonsense, indifferent science, with his entire life being in the name of scientific advancement. This is a man who marries his wife because ‘Dona Evarista enjoyed perfect digestion, excellent eyesight, and normal blood pressure; she had had no serious illnesses and her urinalysis was negative,’ as well as not being attractive enough to distract him from his work. The character’s of de Assis are more the embodiments of ideas than full-fledged characters in the traditional sense, however, this works in the novella’s favor. This witty satire is told from a distance, speedily recounting the events that transpired in Itaguai with respect to the Green House, allowing de Assis to keep a fast progression and paint in broad strokes without seeming neglectful of minor details. This pacing and simplicity creates a linguistic ambience akin to a parable, yet, if The Alienist is to be read as an allegorical novella, then it is one content to stand boldly bare of any metaphoric veils masking its naked truths. He bluntly addresses his quandaries of psychological investigation and political upheaval, furbishing them instead with comedic properties to expose their absurdities.The selection of patients to stay at the Green House is entirely subject to Bacamarte’s will. Anyone who displays even the slightest aberration from bland normality catches his attention, and he is always able to find ‘scientific’ evidence as to how this behavior may be related to some sort of mental illness. I was reminded of an experiment we had discussed in an Abnormal Psychology course I took a few years back. In the 1970’s, psychologist David Rosenhan conducted an experiment that involved people being admitted to a hospital claiming to hear voices. The patients stayed an average of 19 days, each being diagnosed with schizophrenia and given antipsychotics. This experiment exposed the dehumanization experienced by the patients, as well as the various hospitals inability to distinguish between actual disorders and fakers. A major point made by my professor was the dangers of premature diagnosis, or misdiagnosis, as it can often lead to looking for evidence to support the diagnosis instead of properly addressing all the aspects of a patient. For example, doctors noticed that one of the test patients was taking notes about his stay in the hospital, and assumed it was some pathological writing behavior, further compounding their belief that he was in fact suffering from schizophrenia. These ideas are reflected in Bacamarte’s selection of patients. A local rich man strikes the physician as odd because the rich man often stands outside admiring his stone mansion, and after reading an article about an illness that causes people to have a catatonic state (the early scientific journal he reads phrases it as adopting the posture of a stone), decides this behavior may be indicative of a disorder. Poor Mateus noticed only that he was an object of the curiosity or admiration of the most important figure in Itaguai. He intensified the nobility of his expression, the stateliness of his pose…Alas! He was merely helping to condemn himself. The next day he was admitted to the Green House.One by one, then in large groups, Bacamarte finds a reason (or, perhaps, a motive, as many of the townsfolk suggest) to place them in his asylum. An issue accrues for Bacamarte as to where to draw the lines between a normal aberration or clinical disorder.First, that he had checked the statistics and had found that four-fifths of the population of Itaguai was in the Green House; seconds, that this disproportionately large number of patients had led him to reexamine his fundamental theory of mental illness, a theory that classified as sick all people who were mentaly unbalanced; third, that as a consequence of this reexamination in the light of the statistics he had concluded not only that his theory was unsound but also that the exactly contrary doctrine was true—that is, that normality lay in a lack of equilibrium and that the abnormal, the really sick, were the well balanced.Not only does this passage reflect the intricate sentence structure that the author is able to seemingly effortlessly construct with such excellent flow and balance, but asks the question of ‘what is really normal?’ Perhaps normality is an unreachable ideal and we must take pride in our differences, our quirks, and our unique realms of perspectives on the world. However, there are those who are such outliers that attention truly is warranted. In the early days of psychology, discovering which people were the real outliers must have been an interesting process.What is truly exciting in The Alientist is de Assis accounts of revolution. The townspeople grow angry with all their fellow friends being thrown into the Green House and declare it the ‘Bastille of human reason,’ and organize to overthrow the local government that supports it. With each rebellion and reordering of political power, those in control eventually side with the very rhetoric they used to inspire the rebellion. After overthrowing the first local government for supporting the Green House, the new totalitarian regime approaches Bacamarte to use his selection to dispose of political opponents, and then is overthrown for this same reason by another opponent who then tries to align himself with the physician. Machado de Assis makes a mockery of these political leaders, and Bacamarte views those who struggle for political power as being excellent subjects to study for possibilities of megalomania and arrogance. Society as a whole becomes a bottomless well for de Assis’ satire— in light of modern critiques of drug companies getting rich off the disorders of the public, it is amusing that the physicians closest friend and first supporter is the local pharmacist.Wildly comic and engaging, this quick little novella has a wealth of ideas to ponder. Despite being over a century old, and despite the leaps and bounds that have occurred in all the scientific fields, this story feels just as poignant in the modern day. If a reader was unaware of the publication date, it would be easy to assume this is an allegory of modern issues set in the past (a past that is painted in broad enough strokes to hardly betray the time it is set in). The Melville House Hybrid Book publication is also very beneficial to any literary enthusiast, offering links to read up about the author as well as read other bits of writing by him. This is a fantastic little satire from a novelist who was the precursor to many of the great Latin American authors, and one that makes a reader question just what makes anything ‘normal’.4/5He possessed wisdom, patience, tolerance, truthfulness, loyalty, and moral fortitude; all the qualities tjat go to make an utter madman.

  • Mike Puma
    2019-02-19 18:49

    “Sanity is a cozy lie.”—Susan Sontag.Ever notice that even when you think you know where a story’s going, you really don’t anticipate the road it will take to get there? Just how many left turns you’ll have to make? How many times you’ll have to start over?Not start the story over. This one isn’t that complicated. Except that it is. Not hard to read, mind you, just more complicated.In a Brazilian community of indeterminate size toward the end of the 19th century, the progress of science confronts the reality of day-to-day life with all the potential of a horror story but confined to the more practical arena of the absurd.I know of at least one more review of this one, forthcoming, and which will be much better than this teaser. Meanwhile, 4-stars, only because, eventually, you’ll likely know where it’s going, because all roads lead to Rome that place they’re headed.________________________________I should add that the Melville House 'hybridbook' I read has one of those nifty little, pixilated cubes that lead the adept to their website, when scanned, for additional information, biographical and historical, plus some pictures, and additional fiction by MdA--nice feature. For those less adept, like myself, the website addy is included.

  • Nickolas the Kid
    2019-01-29 16:34

    Διασκεδαστικό βιβλίο λοιπόν ο Φρενίατρος!!! Ο ψυχίατρος Μπακαμάτρε γυρίζει στην γενέτηρά του για να ιδρύσει ένα ψυχιατρείο, το Πράσινο Σπίτι, και να αφοσιωθεί στην μελέτη της ανθρώπινης ψυχολογίας καθώς και των διαφόρων ψυχικών νόσων που εδώ και πολλά χρόνια βασανίζουν το ανθρώπινο είδος... Αρκετή δόση χιούμορ, αλληγορία και σατιρική διάθεση είναι τα βασικά συστατικά που χρησιμοποιεί ο Ματσάντου σε αυτό το μικρό διήγημα. Τα όρια της τρέλας και της λογικής πάντα ήταν δυσδιάκριτα και αποτελούσαν αντικείμενο συζήτησης και μελέτης της επιστημονικής κοινότητας. Ο συγγραφέας επιχειρεί λοιπόν να δώσει την δική του εξήγηση και να μας αφήσει εν τέλει να αναρωτηθούμε ακόμα και για τον εαυτό μας για τον αν "τα έχουμε 400", το οποίο κι αυτό δεν είναι σίγουρο ότι είναι καλό και υγιές!!!Παράλληλα με με την ιστορία του φρενιάτρου παρακολουθούμε και την ζωή στην μικρή πόλη της Βραζιλίας. Διάφοροι χαρακτήρες εμφανίζονται και παίρνουν μέρος στο κοινωνικό γίγνεσθαι της πόλης. Μικροπολιτικά παιχνίδια, ίντριγκες, συμφέροντα, πολιτικοί και πολιτικάντηδες και πάντα με φόντο το Πράσινο Σπίτι που από μόνο του θέτει τα δικά του όρια σε αυτή την μικρή κοινωνία...4,5/5* από μένα...

  • Lizzy
    2019-01-30 16:32

    Machado de Assis for me is one of the best Brazilian story-tellers. The novella The Alienist deals with the issue of sanity. Who is crazy and who is not? That is the central question in this story. Is Dr. Bacamarte himself sane? Till now, madness has been thought a small island in an ocean of sanity. I am beginning to suspect that it is not an island at all but a continent. Read and enjoy. Recommended.

  • Rinda Elwakil
    2019-02-13 21:34

    جميلة.أرشح للقراءة

  • Xanthi
    2019-02-20 17:32

    Ο υψιπετης νους του Συμεών Μπακαμαρτε είχε απλώσει τα φτερά του πολύ πάνω από τον ήλιο αφήνοντας στη σκιά του τα υπόλοιπα πνεύματα της γης.Η εξέλιξη της ψυχιατρικής από την οπτική του Μασαντου ντε Ασσις,με χιουμοριστικό τρόπο, τραγελαφικές καταστάσεις, σε μια τοπική κοινωνία όπου άντεδρασε, επαναστάτησε και εντέλει παραδόθηκε στον Έναν.Υ.Γ. Ευχαριστώ Νικόλα για την πρόταση, το απόλαυσα!!!

  • Sophie
    2019-01-22 16:44

    Ένα ατέλειωτο παιχνίδι νεύρων ανάμεσα στη λογική και στην παραφροσύνη, στο υγιές και σε εκείνο που χρήζει θεραπείας. Υπόρρητο και ταυτόχρονα εξαιρετικά απτό το χιούμορ του κειμένου, με τον αφηγητή να σχολιάζει σε καίρια σημεία της πλοκής, τα επεισόδια που διαδραματίζονται στο Ιταγκουαΐ είναι ευκρινή και θυμίζουν θεατρικό έργο, χάρη στις ανατροπές και στην ταχύτητα της εξέλιξης, ενώ οι χαρακτήρες παρουσιάζονται με μοναδικό τρόπο· ο φακός του συγγραφέα εστιάζει και περιγράφει τα σημαίνοντα πρόσωπα, τους κορυφαίους του λαού, που μαζί με τον πρωταγωνιστή Μπακαμάτρε λαμβάνουν την απαραίτητη δόση διακωμώδησης. Πρόκειται για μια νουβέλα που ανοίγει συζητήσεις πάνω στο τι θεωρείται "αφύσικο", σχετικά με το πώς είναι δυνατόν να διαπιστωθεί η ύπαρξη, μιας λανθάνουσας έστω, παραφροσύνης του εκάστοτε ψυχισμού.Αξιοσημείωτο το επίμετρο του Δημήτρη Πλουμπίδη, στο οποίο διερευνώνται οι απαρχές, οι πρακτικές της ψυχιατρικής επιστήμης, αλλά και πώς αυτές αποτυπώθηκαν στο έργο του J. M. Machado de Assis.

  • محمد
    2019-02-22 16:54

    في نفس التوقيت، عندما كان الكتاب العظام يهدرون لترات من الأحبار على أطنان من الورق، ينصحون العامة نصائحاً بالغة الأهمية، تدل على نبوغ مفرط، مثل: الجريمة لا تفيد، الاتحاد قوة، الحرب وحشة....كان ده آسيس يكتب روايات بالغة النحافة، متحدثاً بلطافة غير معتادة عن غباء الإنسان، ومدى حيرته في أمر الدنيا، وكيف أن كل شيء سيؤول في النهاية إلى تراب، وأن المجهود البشري المبذول عبر التاريخ الطويل، ليس سوى دورة نيتروجين أو أكسجين، لا أكثر.في موضع من الرواية، وجدت وصفاً قصيراً لثورة، فهمت من خلال الوصف مسببات الثورات بشكل عام، فهمت أيضاً كيف يتنازل الثائر -إذا حكم- عن كل شيء، وكيف أنه قد ينسى أسباب ثورته، بل إنه قد يحافظ على تلك الأسباب قائمة، فقط لكي يحافظ على النظام، ويتجنب الفوضى.الرواية من إصدار دار إلياس، وجدتها مصادفة في مكتبة ديوان، وأظن أن نسختي هي الأخيرة أو تكاد. أتمنى أن يعاد نشر الرواية مرة أخرى.

  • Zak Al.
    2019-01-26 19:37

    روايـة مـجـنـونـة، لا تـصلـح سـوى لـلـمـجـانـين، الأقـلـيـة الـعـاقـلـة في هـذا الـعـالـم المـشـئـوم

  • Ibrahim Saad
    2019-02-13 19:44

    كوميديا سوداء ببساطه .. في أقل من 70 صفحة أستطاع (ماشادو ده أسيس) أن يخرج مثل هذه الرواية القوية .. هنا البراعة يمثل الطبيب النفسي "سيمون باكامارته" فكرة السلطة المطلقة ،بما لها من علم ، الواصي على الناس و كأنه فقط من يعرف مصلحتهم ، من المجنون فيهم و من العاقل ، و بناءاً على نظرياته يصبح مجنون اليوم عاقل الغد ، وعاقل اليوم مجنون الغد ، إلى ان يصبح نفسه المجنونيعمل الطبيب النفسي في البحث عن علاج للجنون .. تُنشأ السراية الخضراء ، و يبدأ في نظرياته و تصبح المدينة بأكملها أسيرة لتجاربه العلمية مسانده في ذلك القوة الروحية متمثلة في القسيس و القوة الحاكمة متمثلة في الحكومة و المجلسفي البداية عمل على إزجاء كل كل ما يوجد فيه شيء من النقص او الهوى أو الخطأ أو أي خطأ إنساني عادي في السراية الخضراء ، فيصبح أربع أخماس المدينة داخل السرايا ثم يكتشف الخطأ في تلك النظرية ، فيخرجهم من السراية و يضع البعض الآخر بعكس نظريته السابقه ان المجانيين هم العقلاء تماماً المتّزنيين في كلامهم و ارائهم و هو في الحالتين لم يكن قراره بناءاً على أي هوى شخصي فهو وضع زوجته ، و صديق عمره ، والقسيس ، و أعضاء من المجلس الحاكم ، و عاملين معه كل هذا بغرض التجربة العلمية كل قاريء سيستنبط في النهاية أن هذا الطبيب هو نفسه المجنون !! هذا صحيح و هو نفسه في النهاية أكتشف خطأه و اعترف انه نفسه المجنون ووضع نفسه في السراية ليعمل على شفاء نفسه الجزء المهم أيضاً في الرواية .. الثورة ، الثورة التي قامت ضد هذه السراية الخضراء بعد أن شعروا أنها سجن كبير و فيها من المحترمين و العقلاء و العلماء و السادة .. كان قائدها بريفيو الحلاق ، و يبدو أن الثورات في كل موضع نهايتها واحده و هي أن يتولى أمرها مجموعة من الأغبياء ليدمروا بقراراتهم كل سبب و كل هدف قامت من أجله الثورة فبعد أن ساند الحلاق قوات من الجيش و الناس و اصبح هو الحاكم للمدينة .. لم يتخذ قرار ضد السراية .. فظن الناس انه باع ضميره مقابل المال للطبيب فثار عليه حلاق آخر ووضع بريفيو في السراية كنهاية كل ثورة -_- و يبقى السؤال في النهاية . ما هو العقل و ما هو الجنون .. هل يصبح الكمال جنوناً ، و النقص هو كمال العقل .. من المجنون و من العاقل ؟ و هنا لك الإجابة !!!

  • سلطان
    2019-01-23 21:58

    عمل جميل في فكرته. في أثناء قراءتي له تساءلت: من هم المجانين في المجتمع ومن هم العقلاء؟ وبعد انتهائي من قراءته سألت نفسي: هل تحتاج السياسة إلى شيء من الجنون؟

  • Nikos Tsentemeidis
    2019-02-12 20:43

    Ευχάριστο βιβλίο, απλή η γραφή του Βραζιλιάνου και λιτή, όπως πρέπει.

  • Lucas Mota
    2019-02-19 19:48

    Eu tenho dificuldades com a linguagem do autor. Não é pomposa visto que ele foi "pop" em sua época, é apenas distante de mim. Muitas das palavras que ele usa, eu não costumo ouvir ou utilizar, o que torna a leitura bastante cansativa pra mim.Por outro lado, a história é poderosa. É a primeira vez que chego ao final de uma obra de Machado de Assis. Com toda a dificuldade que eu tenho em consumir textos com linguagens mais antigas, eu digo que esta novela (é uma novela, não um conto) foi uma das coisas mais bacanas que li este ano. Não dou 5 estrelas porque minha experiência de leitura foi prejudicada por minha própria ignorância sobre o vocabulário usado há mais de cem anos atrás.

  • Fatma Almarzooqi
    2019-02-10 22:48

    رواية رائعة وجميلة جداً .. جذبتنيلباقي أعمال الكاتب المنسي عند العرب كما ذكر الناشر

  • Amene
    2019-02-15 18:53

    داستان هایی پست مدرن از قرن نوزدهم!

  • Antonio Papadourakis
    2019-02-08 17:54

    Χρησιμοποιεί το παράλογο που προκαλεί αλυσσίδα αντιδράσεων όπως έκανε ο Saramangu 1 αιώνα αργότερα."Η βία, κύριε Σουάρες, δεν είναι παρά η γελοιότητα που παίρνει τον εαυτό της στα σοβαρά."

  • Luís C.
    2019-01-24 21:01

    The Alienist is a well-known work of Machado de Assis which deals in a very different way, but I consider somewhat realistic the sanity.Well, the story revolves around a psychiatrist, Simon Blunderbuss, which returns to the city of Itaguai after graduating, and decides to open an institution that we would call today sanatorium. At the time, nursing homes for the mentally ill was something completely new, as it used to isolate people living with disorders to society. So, Simão begins to hospitalize people he diagnosed as insane to treat them and increase their knowledge of human folly.As the story unfolds, it ends up identifying abnormal behavior in different people, and the institution starts to get more and more full, to a point where now exist more people within the sanatorium than outside, and he begins to wonder if perhaps the "abnormal" was not the absence of madness (considering here the definition that is still valid for abnormal behavior, he is the one who runs away from the majority population patterns in social and cultural terms). Since then, the book begins to address this very interesting question MADNESS x SANITY, and the whole plot has a very nice outcome.What is Dementia?Answer: Dementia is a condition in which there is loss of brain function. It is a set of symptoms that directly affect a person's quality of life, leading to cognitive problems, memory, reasoning and affecting also the language, behavior and changing the personality.Source:

  • Mohamed El-Shawaf
    2019-02-10 21:49

    هناك طريقة لطيفة أتبعها لتسهيل التعاطي مع الحبكة ودراستها، وهو تحويلها لرسم بياني بين الشخصيات والزمن، حيث تمثل القفزات في المنحنى مقدار الطفرات في الأحداث، فيمكننا اعتبار ميل الشخصية على الزمن هو الحدث نفسه، وبهذه الطريقة يمكننا تتبع الأحداث وتطورها وعلاقتها بالشخصيات وتزامن التطور لكل شخصية مع الأخرى في مرحلة زمنية ما.طبعًا هذه الطريقة لا تقيس قوة الحبكة وإلا كانت إهانة للأدب، لكن فقط دراسته.لو رسمت منحنى الحبكة لهذه الرواية ستجد انحناءات وطفرات كلها في مدى زمني قصير، فيها من التكثيف والتركيز شديد الدهاء بما تحتويه نوفيللا بهذا الحجم الصغير، كل قفزة في المنحنى تمثل اندهاشة غير متوقعة، لتنتهي الرواية عند حد من الدهشة، تجعلني أعجب من مقدرة ماشادو دي أسيس على اتخاذ قراره المبكّر بالتوقف هنا، عند الصفحة 55، لأنها فقط اكتملت، هذا رجل لا يضعف أمام الحشو، والأماني الكاذبة أمام حجم الرواية، ولكن واضح، وأستطيع أن أشعر بذلك، إلى أي مدي شعوره باللذة بعد أن أهدى روايته تلك نقطة النهاية. هذه رواية عبقرية في أسلوبها الساخر وكأنها تؤكد لي من جديد على أن الساركازم في الأدب ربما هو معادل لعظمة النص، بما يحتويه من نقد بليغ قصير وخاطف، مما لدى أديب حقيقي يتمتع بهذا القدر من اللماحية والذكاء وسرعة البديهة. رغم أنها كُتبت في فترة مُبكّرة نوعًا إلا أنّها رواية متقدمة جدًا، بالنسبة لي تحتل موقعًا مميزًا في أدب الواقعية السحرية.ختامًا، شكرًا للعزيز هاني عبد الحميد، فمصادفة من نوعٍ ما لم تكتف بصديق نبيل وحسب، بل أيضًا بصديق يتمتع بذائقة أدبية رفيعة.

  • مهرداد اصیل
    2019-02-09 17:34

    اولین چیزی که از ماشادو خواندم همین داستان «روانکاو» بود. داستان‌های دیگر مجموعه را نخواندم. داستان درباره‌ی روانکاوِ دانشمندی است که بعد از سال‌ها تحقیق و پژوهش و کار آکادمیک در دیار غربت، به شهرش در برزیل برگشته و بسیار مورد احترام مردم است و حرفش پیش صغیر و کبیر خریدار دارد. ماجرا از وقتی شروع می‌شود که روانکاو در شهر یک تیمارستان به راه می‌اندازد. روانکاو مبنای همه چیز رو عقل و منطق می‌داند و هر کس که از این خط عبور کند را به عنوان روانی در تیمارستان بستری می‌کند. تا اینکه کار به جاهای باریک می‌کشد طبعاً. داستان طنز فوق‌العاده‌ای دارد و بسیار مدرن است و راستش انتظار نداشتم تو قرن نوزدهم تو برزیل کسی اینجور داستان بنویسد. ترجمه‌ی آقای کوثری به نظر من تو این کتاب از متفات‌ترین ترجمه‌های ایشان بود و باز به نظر من از بهترین کارهای ایشان؛ لحن شوخ و در عین حال کمی کهنه و شیرین که با فضای داستان همخوانی دارد. این کتاب اولین بار که چاپ شد جایزه‌ی کتاب سال را برد که از معتبرترین جایزه‌های کتاب ایران است، هرچند دولت اهداش می‌کنه. الان هم نشر ماهی بعد از سال‌ها تجدید چاپش کرده. دلم می‌خواهد «خاطرات پس از مرگ براس کوباس» از همین نویسنده را هم بخوانم و فکر کنم از خواندنش ناامید نشوم

  • Ana Rînceanu
    2019-02-01 21:41

    Before Sigmund Freud, there was Simão Bacamarte!

  • Islam
    2019-01-24 21:45

    عندما تتواطء السلطة الزمنية متمثلة فى الحاكم المحلى لمدينة صغيرة والسلطة الروحية متمثلة فى الكنيسة مع العلم متمثلا فى الطبيب الذى يدعى بأن لديه تعريف مطلق لما يسمى ب"الجنون" ويعمل تطبيقيا- لا نظريا- فى إزجاء كل من يظهر عليه شبهة هوى أو هوس أو خطأ إنسانى - ما يسمى بالأهواء البشرية البعيدة عن التوازن العقلى المتعارف عليه من قبل المجتمع- فى السراية الخضراء.. المعادل البرازيلى للسرايا الصفراء المصرية بالعباسية.. لدرجة سجن أربعة أخماس سكان ايداجواى بها كفئران تجارب هدفا لبحث علمى أفضل ... الرواية تعبير عن السلطة المطلقة فى تصرفها المطلق للمعرفة المختزنة لديها ورؤيتها الأحادية للعالم مزيحة جانبا أية رؤى أخرى تتعارض معها، رواية كوميديا سوداء ستشجعنى على قراءة دون كازمورو لكاتبها ماشادو دى أسيس

  • Rola
    2019-01-31 20:34

    اكتشاف مذهل لكاتب لم يأخذ حقه في الشهرة بين أدباء البرازيل المشهورين. ماشادو دي اسيس.السراية الخضراء في النوفيلا مبدأيا هي المقابل ل" السراية الصفراء " أو "العصفورية" ــــ أي: المصح العقلي.في سرد يجمع بين اللمحات السياسية و الكوميدية و جنون السلطة و عموم الشعب الذي يظن أنه مخيرا في بلاده، في حين يقوده مكر الحكام و الطامعين مسيرا إلي نقطة البداية و أسوأ.و ما بين طامع و طامع تتضاعف المطامع.نوفيلا قصيرة جدا و ممتعة و بترجمة أدبية بديعة، تميزها صفحات التعريف بالكاتب و أشهر أعماله في نهاية الكتاب.

  • Κατερίνα Τσαγκαράκη
    2019-01-24 18:48

    Ένα βιβλίο που εκδόθηκε το 1881 για πρώτη φορά και διατηρεί τη φρέσκαδα του αναλλοίωτη μέχρι σήμερα, αυτό είναι “Ο φρενίατρος” του Machado de Assis.Περισσότερα εδώ;

  • Κατερίνα Τσαγκαράκη
    2019-01-26 21:56

    Πόσο χαίρομαι να διαβάζω βιβλία που η οξυδέρκεια των ιδεών τους είναι αντιστρόφως ανάλογη της έκτασης των σελίδων τους. Περισσότερα εδώ:

  • سامية عياش
    2019-02-05 17:59

    أن تكون مريضا لأن الكثير من الأخطاء تُغرقك فمعنى ذلك أنك مجنونلا لا لقد أثبت طبيب هذه الرواية، أن الجنون هو الاكتمال، لا بُد من وجود ثغرة ما، وإلا فما هي الانسانية!؟

  • Mohammed Salah
    2019-01-23 16:32

    أنت مدان إذا فعلت ومدان إذا لم تفعلالسلوك غير الطبيعي ، يا صديقي ، وحشية متنكرة لا غير..جميلة و أحداثها غير متوقعة

  • Tannaz P
    2019-02-18 19:58

    باورم نمیشه انقد طول کشید تا تمومش کنم هر چقد بیشتر میخوندم کمتر پیش میرفتمخود داستان روانکاو که کتاب هم به همین اسم هست داستان گیرا و جذابی هست واقعاً

  • Sara Santos
    2019-01-22 20:57

    A loucura está impregnada nas páginas deste livro e o próprio leitor chega a pensar que talvez ele próprio esteja loco também... As fronteiras entre a ética médica e a loucura não estão bem nítidas neste livro, pois o alienista transgride claramente a ética e o autor dá a entender que é o alienista o louco mas parece-me que o sentido do livro vai além disso pois as razões dadas para a loucura da sociedade fazem o leitor pensar nos limites e na nossa própria condição social.

  • Mohsenam
    2019-02-21 18:32

    چرا کتابا غیب میشن یهو